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John Bunyan et la Bible : les images bibliques dans "The Pilgrim's Progress"

Abstract : The Puritans generally forbade imagery and required a strict literal interpretation of the Bible. Bunyan, although a Puritan writer himself, was in favour of spiritual expression and metaphorical understanding of the Biblical text, convinced that this was the style of the Scriptures. This thesis sets out to study this paradox and understand the reason for the Puritans’ fear of literary images, as well as the reason why Bunyan used them, especially in "The Pilgrim’s Progress". The first part analyses the Puritans’ relationship with the Bible. The first chapter discusses their position toward the Established Church and the monarchy. The second chapter analyses the authority of the Bible. The third chapter depicts Bunyan’s scriptural steps before and after his conversion. The second part discusses the importance of imagery to Bunyan. The first chapter attempts to define the word "image" in order to elucidate its meaning, and to distinguish it from other figures of speech. A brief history of literary and artistic imagery from antiquity to Bunyan’s time, and the theological debates about the word "image" through the centuries are also proposed. The second chapter attempts to determine how and why Bunyan used images for the edification of his readers. The third chapter analyses the techniques used to compose "The Pilgrim’s Progress". Finally, the third part discusses in detail two biblical images that Bunyan used in "The Pilgrim's Progress": the Way and the lion. It explains the nuances of these images and their theological content, in the context of Bunyan's Protestant and Puritan beliefs.
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Rachid Mehdi. John Bunyan et la Bible : les images bibliques dans "The Pilgrim's Progress". Littératures. Université du Maine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LEMA3006⟩. ⟨tel-01019532⟩

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