Le genre et les modèles amoureux dans la littérature de jeunesse : eléments de compréhension de l'éducation sentimentale des jeunes en France

Abstract : The Ministry of Education published in August 2002 a reference list of 300 pieces of youth literature for primary school (this list was updated in September 2007 and in March 2013). The clear objective of the Ministry of Education is to help understand the world, "develop representations, send students in the future, pass values on to them, support them to build an ideal" thanks to the values put forward in the pieces of youth literature from the reference list. The literature is considered here as "an opportunity to actually and deeply shape up the values, beyond the statements of good intentions". Every pupil from 3rd to 5th year of primary school reads books from the Department of Education list. For teachers, it is a guarantee of quality. Moreover, there is no possible questioning of choices by the families. Finally, books are expensive. For schools, they represent long-term investments which must be agreed on by all the teaching teams. In some social environments, the pupils will know and will read only the books from the reference list. Therefore, it seems crucial to assess the values presented to pupils, and more particularly in the present thesis, to examine the love models which are proposed to the young readers. Our study concerns 115 books from this list, staging situations of loving emotions. It ranges from a simple line, e.g. the one by the lumberjack of the Wonderful Wizard of Oz who meets "… a very pretty girl… very quickly I started to love her with all my heart", to a whole novel e.g. I’m in love with a tiger by Paul Thiès. It concerns all the literary genres: albums, comic strips, tales, novels, theater. Today the reality of love and sex keeps changing in our society, with the divorce, life in couple, civil union (PACS) or assertion of the sexual orientations. Through the study of the youth literature, how to analyze the durability of the love model illustrated by the couple "good housewife, prince charming", and its transformations or declensions? Are these changes recorded in the books for youth? Do books reflect them? How and to what extent? Are the values and the staged love models different according to the sex of the character?
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Virginie Houadec. Le genre et les modèles amoureux dans la littérature de jeunesse : eléments de compréhension de l'éducation sentimentale des jeunes en France. Etudes sur le genre. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013TOU20123⟩. ⟨tel-01017356⟩

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