Modification de la surface de la cellulose par les organosilanes

Abstract : This dissertation describes the chemical modification of cellulosic fibers by organosilanes. The reactions of silanes bearing various functional groups were carried out in pure aqueous solution and followed in-situ by nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry. The effect of pH, concentration, and temperature on the reaction kinetics was studied. Aminosilanes could be processed in conditions similar to those commonly used in the papermaking. Furthermore, the adsorption of the most promising grafting agents on model cellulose surfaces was investigated by mean of a quartz crystal microbalance, and the effect of the same parameters was evaluated. This study showed that a good surface coverage is attained rapidly, i.e., within only a few minutes. Then, a slower but continuous adsorption was observed over time. The nature of the interactions between various silanes and cellulose was tested. It was shown that the grafting was successfully performed, thus giving rise to the formation of strong interactions between the adsorbate and the adsorbent. Finally, two types of fibers (softwood and hardwood) were used in order to evaluate the effect of organosilanes on mechanical properties and the softness of paper. The results obtained showed quite modest effects, even though the success of the grafting was assessed on both type of fibers.
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Olivier Paquet. Modification de la surface de la cellulose par les organosilanes. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENI025⟩. ⟨tel-01017164⟩



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