Altérité et marginalité dans les œuvres de Jean-Marie Le Clézio et Amin Maalouf

Abstract : The following study focuses on two French-speaking authors from two distant and different geo-cultural spheres, whose works have never been subject to a comparative study so far : J.MG. Le Clézio and A. Maalouf. The comparison of the texts covers two current sets of themes : Otherness and marginality. It takes advantage of the light shed by the poetic inspiration and true life of the authors who are themselves ill-integrated in different ways. Othernee appears at the root of the marginal situation of the characters : it brings to light their physical differences, their social defencelessness, their identity problems and their special relationship with space. On the other hand, it is about the confrontation of the charcter with the " other " ( as an auxiliary or an opponent ) and the " outer pace " ( through the quest of identity and the fulfillment of a learning journey which would allow him/her to overcome his/her lack of integration and well-being. The poetics of Oterness and marginality considered in this work are being achieved through the scriptural aesthetics assumed by the authors. Their style of writing has translated the marginality and hybridity of the characters through disruption, the overtaking of boundaries, generic heterogeneousness and the oral character. They are two authors with two fiction worlds, but there is only one ideology and scriptural sensitivity used for the one and same strife : to further interculturalism and oppose all kinds of discrimination. Corpus : Poisson d'or, Hasard, Révolutions, The Rock of Tanios, Ports of Call, Origins.
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Yosr Bellamine-Ben Aïssa,. Altérité et marginalité dans les œuvres de Jean-Marie Le Clézio et Amin Maalouf. Littératures. Université d'Angers, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-01016418⟩

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