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Le Caire des migrants africains chrétiens. Impasse migratoire et citadinités religieuses.

Abstract : Egypt has experienced numerous African immigrations. African migrants of different origins and statuses, with different motivations have now joined refugees from the Sudan and the Horn of Africa, previously installed in Cairo. Most of these migrants are Christians and have the experience of being both part of the black and the Christian minorities in Egypt. This study aims to show how governmental, European and United Nations institutions have all contributed to building up an Egyptian migration deadlock. Even though, at the beginning, these refugees and migrants had no intention of staying in Cairo, this study also aims to show how they have developed new ways to settle and put down their roots in this urban environment. The second aim is to analyze how humanitarian actors (former missionary churches, religious NGOs) are trying to mobilize to help these people, who have been largely neglected by the Egyptian Authorities. Finally, the third aim is to show how these Africans have been also able to find their place in this city ; they have managed to develop their own resources independently, thus enabling them to live better in the host city. By making observations and interviews, we have been able to establish what their relationship with the urban environment is. This qualitative approach and the concept of "citadinity" (the dialectical relationship between an individual and the city) highlights the role of Christianity in the process of urban anchorage. Religion, in its tangible and intangible forms, has therefore proved to be a fundamental resource, empowering these Africans to settle in this city.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 1, 2014 - 2:58:41 PM
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Julie Picard. Le Caire des migrants africains chrétiens. Impasse migratoire et citadinités religieuses.. Géographie. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2013. Français. ⟨tel-01016164⟩

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