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Commande et observation d’une classe de systèmes linéaires à commutations : Application aux convertisseurs de puissance DC-DC

Abstract : This thesis is dedicated to the control and the observation of a class of switched linear systems (SLS). This class contains the systems that can be represented by a port-Hamiltonian model. A lot of works have been studied SLS for several years using an average modeling approach. Recently, various works have shown that hybrid system theory allows to cope with stabilization, controllability, and observability problems of switched linear systems. However, several problems are still open and need more development such as the design of hybrid observers for SLS that have unobservable modes or the control of systems with reduced number of switching inputs and numerous variable states to control. In this work, we are interested in the design of state observers for a particular class of SLS using both the average and the hybrid port-Hamiltonian models. This formalism has the necessary tools to study and establish the stability of the observation errors. At the beginning, a nonlinear observer based on the average modeling is proposed. Next, a hybrid observer is designed for switched linear systems. This observer takes into account the unobservable operating modes of the system. The second point of our work concerns the design of control laws for the considered class of SLS. At first, two Lyapunov-based control laws have been established using either an average model or a hybrid model of the system. A hybrid optimal control based on the maximum principle of Pontryagin and the computation of singular arcs has been also proposed. Finally, a hybrid predictive control based on a discrete model of the system is synthesized. Simulation results and an experimental implementation on a SEPIC converter are given to show the efficiency of the proposed methods. Our motivation to study such a converter is mainly due to its particular topology that includes observable and unobservable subsystems. It is also known to be difficult to be controlled because only one switching input is used to control four state variables.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 26, 2014 - 10:32:23 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01015252, version 1


Ahmed Rédha Meghnous. Commande et observation d’une classe de systèmes linéaires à commutations : Application aux convertisseurs de puissance DC-DC. Electronique. INSA de Lyon, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAL0137⟩. ⟨tel-01015252⟩



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