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La fortune de Taine : réception des "Origines de la France contemporaine" : 1875-1914

Abstract : « Les Origines de la France contemporaine » brings to Hippolyte Taine a contrasted posterity very different from the one that his intellectual fame acquired under the Empire would have brought him. Upset by the events of the years 1870-1871 and convinced of the French decline, he decides to look for the causes through an innovative historic work in terms of both form and content. If the chosen method may surprise, the arguments used condemning the French Revolution without defending the monarchy and the empire, provoke. Taine embarrasses, satisfies or annoys the whole political scene. Insensible to the criticisms, he dedicates the last twenty years of his life to the writing of the « Origines » which he will leave unfinished without having found the solutions to the troubles which he thought he had emphasized, Far from having stopped after his death, the debates worsen according to the political evolution, making possible at the same time his recovery by a conservative right worried about references and his definitive condemnation by a radical left aware of the potential danger of his work. The study of the numerous publications dedicated to him from 1875 to 1914 which often give biased meanings enables to follow the evolution of a controversial fame.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 24, 2014 - 10:58:09 AM
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Jacques Leblois. La fortune de Taine : réception des "Origines de la France contemporaine" : 1875-1914. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA010640⟩. ⟨tel-01011605⟩



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