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Enjeux et impacts de l'exploitation minière du bassin houiller de Ronchamp (1810/1870)

Abstract : The small-sized coal field of Ronchamp Champagney, in the Saône Vosges, about 44 miles south of Mulhouse was exploited from 1750 until 1958. This dissertation recounts the history of coal mining there from 1812 until 1867, a period of deep technical changes during the first industrial revolution. The technology and scale of coal extraction changed, which stabilized both its technical structures and its exploitation area. The focus of this analysis is twofold: first the stakes down the pit, second the constraints at the pithead, as they can both be perceived through the minutes of board and general meetings mainly. This history is linked to the entrepreneurial visions of a few local notables as well as to enduring family or personal ties. Ignored by the decaying steel industry of Franche-Comté, the coal concession contributed to the industrialization process in Alsace by feeding the boilers of steam engines with coal. The history of the coal field of Ronchamp – a landlocked territory - testifies to a real technical modernity and a constant search for productive rationality.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 20, 2014 - 6:13:15 PM
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Michel Godard. Enjeux et impacts de l'exploitation minière du bassin houiller de Ronchamp (1810/1870). Histoire. Université de Technologie de Belfort-Montbeliard, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012BELF0008⟩. ⟨tel-01010900⟩