Changement institutionnel et régionalisme en Amérique latine : la construction du Parlement du Mercosur

Clarissa Dri Franzoi 1
1 UMR5116
CED - Centre Émile Durkheim
Abstract : Recently, some movements have been calling for the democratization of decision making spaces in international relations. Members of parliament have progressively become key actors in this scenario, organizing transnational deliberative forums intended to influence several domains of governmental action. This is also occurring at the regional integration level, with the European Union and its co-legislative parliament as the most prominent examples. In Latin America, on the other hand, the presidential tradition and intergovernmental character of regional initiatives have always relegated members of parliament to a secondary position. However, against all expectations, a parliament was created in Mercosur in 2006. How can this institutional choice be explained? This dissertation aims to analyze the reasons for the creation of the Mercosur Parliament (Parlasur) beyond the official discourse. In order to do so, it explores the combination of institutions, interests and ideas in determining political action. These factors are contextualized through policy process theories, which underline the role of timing, advocacy coalitions and inspiration in existing models in institutional change. This theoretical framework is then applied to the study of the four fundamental stages of the Parlasur building: the institutional development of the former Parliamentary Commission; the relations between the Mercosur and the European Union and the transfer of integration mechanisms; the critical moment when the Free Trade Area of the Americas was confronted by the new governmental ideologies; and the difficult institutionalization process that is being faced by the new parliament. This chronothematic analysis is intended to trace the path of explanatory variables in this institutional result, based on semi-structured interviews and observations carried out in Mercosur as well as in the European Union.
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Clarissa Dri Franzoi. Changement institutionnel et régionalisme en Amérique latine : la construction du Parlement du Mercosur. Science politique. Université de Bordeaux; Sciences Po Bordeaux; Centre Émile Durkheim UMR 5116, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00999359⟩

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