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Détection et classification de cibles multispectrales dans l'infrarouge

Abstract : Surveillance systems should be able to detect potential threats far ahead in order to put forward a defence strategy. In this context, detection and recognition methods making use of multispectral infrared images should cope with low resolution signals and handle both spectral and spatial variability of the targets. We introduce in this PhD thesis a novel statistical methodology to perform aircraft detection and classification which take into account these constraints. We first propose an anomaly detection method designed for multispectral images, which combines a spectral likelihood measure and a level set study of the image Mahalanobis transform. This technique allows to identify images which feature an anomaly without any prior knowledge on the target. In a second time, these images are used as realizations of a statistical model in which the observations are described as random spectral and spatial deformation of prototype shapes. The model inference, and in particular the prototype shape estimation, is achieved through a novel unsupervised sequential learning algorithm designed for missing data models. This model allows to propose a classification algorithm based on maximum a posteriori probability Promising results in detection as well as in classification, justify the growing interest surrounding the development of multispectral imaging devices. These methods have also allowed us to identify the optimal infrared spectral band regroupments regarding the low resolution aircraft IRS detection and classification
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 28, 2014 - 3:28:23 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 3:44:42 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, August 28, 2014 - 12:37:08 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-00997684, version 1


Florian Maire. Détection et classification de cibles multispectrales dans l'infrarouge. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Institut National des Télécommunications, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014TELE0007⟩. ⟨tel-00997684⟩



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