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Theses

Extraction de relations spatio-temporelles à partir des données environnementales et de la santé

Abstract : Thanks to the new technologies (smartphones, sensors, etc.), large amounts of spatiotemporal data are now available. The associated database can be called spatiotemporal databases because each row is described by a spatial information (e.g. a city, a neighborhood, a river, etc.) and temporal information (e.g. the date of an event). This huge data is often complex and heterogeneous and generates new needs in knowledge extraction methods to deal with these constraints (e.g. follow phenomena in time and space).Many phenomena with complex dynamics are thus associated with spatiotemporal data. For instance, the dynamics of an infectious disease can be described as the interactions between humans and the transmission vector as well as some spatiotemporal mechanisms involved in its development. The modification of one of these components can trigger changes in the interactions between the components and finally develop the overall system behavior.To deal with these new challenges, new processes and methods must be developed to manage all available data. In this context, the spatiotemporal data mining is define as a set of techniques and methods used to obtain useful information from large volumes of spatiotemporal data. This thesis follows the general framework of spatiotemporal data mining and sequential pattern mining. More specifically, two generic methods of pattern mining are proposed. The first one allows us to extract sequential patterns including spatial characteristics of data. In the second one, we propose a new type of patterns called spatio-sequential patterns. This kind of patterns is used to study the evolution of a set of events describing an area and its near environment.Both approaches were tested on real datasets associated to two spatiotemporal phenomena: the pollution of rivers in France and the epidemiological monitoring of dengue in New Caledonia. In addition, two measures of quality and a patterns visualization prototype are also available to assist the experts in the selection of interesting patters.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00997539, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00060033

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Hugo Alatrista-Salas. Extraction de relations spatio-temporelles à partir des données environnementales et de la santé. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Montpellier II - Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013MON20054⟩. ⟨tel-00997539⟩

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