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Nanosecond Repetitively Pulsed Discharges in Atmospheric Pressure Air

Abstract : Nanosecond Repetitively Pulsed (NRP) discharges in atmospheric pressure air have many potential applications. Spark NRP discharges have applications in plasma assisted combustion. These discharges tend to stabilize lean flames which produce less NOx. Furthermore, an increase of several hundreds of Kelvins in less than 20 ns has been observed following NRP spark discharges, which could be used to create nanomaterials. NRP glow discharges, while creating an important number of actives species such as atomic oxygen, do not heat the ambient gas, which allows them to be used in temperature-sensitive applications such as bio-decontamination. In the first part of this thesis, we validate experimentally the mechanism that was proposed to explain the ultrafast heating observed. Time-resolved measurements of the absolute densities of two excited states of nitrogen and of the gas temperature have been performed with calibrated Optical Emission Spectroscopy. The second part of the thesis deals with the NRP glow regime. We have shown that its existence depends on several parameters, gas temperature and pressure, voltage across the electrodes, inter-electrode distance, pulse duration, radius of curvature of the electrodes. This regime had not been observed for temperatures lower than 750 K so far. Thanks to a detailed parametrical experimental study and the analysis of the obtained results, we have succeeded in identifying the NRP glow regime at ambient temperature and we observe a new type of “multi-channel” glow regime.
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Diane Rusterholtz. Nanosecond Repetitively Pulsed Discharges in Atmospheric Pressure Air. Other. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012ECAP0054⟩. ⟨tel-00997397⟩

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