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Contribution à l'épitaxie des nitrures d'aluminium et de bore par dépôt chimique en phase vapeur à haute température

Abstract : This work takes place in the context of the development of high crystalline quality supports for optoelectronic and piezoelectric fields. Aluminum and boron nitrides (AlN, and BN) are both materials with interesting physical properties that are used like substrate or active layers in such devices. The aims of this thesis were to continue the work in progress about AlN epitaxy in SIMaP, and to explore the growth of BN by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) with halide chemistry at high temperature. Thermodynamical studies were lead in order to evaluate the equilibrium between the gas phase and the materials in a wide range of temperature. The results were used to choose operating conditions in order to avoid parasitic reactions that could decrease the nitrides growth quality. Several experimental studies were done to evaluate the influence of the N/Al ratios in the gas phase. Growth mechanisms of these layers are explained and consequences of the growth are linked to crystal quality and strain states of the films. Next, multi-steps growth with several temperatures was lead and shows an interesting improvement of the crystal quality and strain state. BN deposits were done on AlN and metallic substrates (chromium and tungsten). High temperature growth was performed on AlN and lead high quality turbostratic films. For lower temperature, BN deposits were done on metallic substrates and lead to the growth of the turbostratic phase. Finally, a comparison between deposition temperature, the growth speed of the films and supersaturation of the gas phase allow to estimate operating conditions domains were the epitaxy of the nitrides are predominant.
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Nicolas Coudurier. Contribution à l'épitaxie des nitrures d'aluminium et de bore par dépôt chimique en phase vapeur à haute température. Matériaux. Université de Grenoble, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENI009⟩. ⟨tel-00994936⟩

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