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Vers une gouvernance territoriale de l'environnement? Analyse comparée des politiques départementales de gestion de l'eau destinée à la consommation humaine et des déchets municipaux

Abstract : The French system of territorial administration has changed as a result of the combined effects of the evolution of public action and environmental issues. Until the end of the 1970's, public policies were built on a technical, sector-oriented and top-down approach. During the next decades, public action became multipartenarial and transversal, what scholars have termed territorial "governance." The complexity of environmental issues tends to upscale the problemshed of public action. The management of drinking water and municipal waste illustrates these evolutions. The strengthening of European directives and increasing sensitivity to ecological issues during the last forty years have contributed to the transformation of territorial management policies : the merging of public services, the emergence of new environmental issues, changes in territorial organizations... At the same time, the management of drinking water and municipal waste has shifted to a higher scale of governance, that of the "Département," which combines a proximity approach and a more global vision. It is interesting to study and compare the evolution of the management of drinking water and municipal waste as they present many similarities : identical histories of local public services ; a sizeable budget provided by the municipalities ; a leading and accompanying role of the Département ; an essential resource access issue (in terms of water and waste treatment equipment) ; comparable stakeholders... These evolutions bring up many questions. First, the thesis shows the different trajectories of these local public services, and more precisely, the diversity of territorial reorganization: a direct response to the multi-level governance requirements. Second, the thesis aims to explain how territorial public action is implemented through the development of new analytical concepts that describe this reality. To do so, I use the concept of "territorial public action regime" combined with the idea of political organization forms (federation, confederation...) to explain the organization of territorial public management. I also use the notion of "posture of actor" to examine the actions of the main public stakeholders, and to understand how they appropriate their roles. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first one deals with the three basic evolutions of drinking water and municipal waste public services, from the 1970's to the present day: the transformation of the management framework, from hygienist to sustainable; the redistribution of political power in local territories; the renewing of public action instruments. The second part further examines these evolutions through the presentation of different case studies. It first explains the analytical method of territorial investigations by focusing on three main dimensions: the game of actors, the instruments and regulation types, and the territorial arrangements. Four monographs are then presented: drinking water management in the Départements of Ille-et-Vilaine (West) and Rhône (East) and municipal waste management in the Départments of Haut-Rhin (North-East) and Gironde (South-West). Both parts serve to inform the conclusion which begins by elaborating on territorial dynamics: the place of the "coalitions" of actors, the influence of regulation types, and the roles of Département institution and urban cities in these trajectories of evolution. Secondly the conclusion explores a typology of the different "public action regime" based on the case studies examined in the thesis, as well as some of the public stakeholders' postures.
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Contributor : Kevin Caillaud <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 13, 2014 - 11:19:53 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:54:48 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 10, 2017 - 9:42:19 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00990135, version 1


Kévin Caillaud. Vers une gouvernance territoriale de l'environnement? Analyse comparée des politiques départementales de gestion de l'eau destinée à la consommation humaine et des déchets municipaux. Sociologie. Université de Strasbourg, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-00990135v1⟩



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