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Classification non supervisée et sélection de variables dans les modèles mixtes fonctionnels. Applications à la biologie moléculaire

Abstract : More and more scientific studies yield to the collection of a large amount of data that consist of sets of curves recorded on individuals. These data can be seen as an extension of longitudinal data in high dimension and are often modeled as functional data in a mixed-effects framework. In a first part we focus on performing unsupervised clustering of these curves in the presence of inter-individual variability. To this end, we develop a new procedure based on a wavelet representation of the model, for both fixed and random effects. Our approach follows two steps : a dimension reduction step, based on wavelet thresholding techniques, is first performed. Then a clustering step is applied on the selected coefficients. An EM-algorithm is used for maximum likelihood estimation of parameters. The properties of the overall procedure are validated by an extensive simulation study. We also illustrate our method on high throughput molecular data (omics data) like microarray CGH or mass spectrometry data. Our procedure is available through the R package "curvclust", available on the CRAN website. In a second part, we concentrate on estimation and dimension reduction issues in the mixed-effects functional framework. Two distinct approaches are developed according to these issues. The first approach deals with parameters estimation in a non parametrical setting. We demonstrate that the functional fixed effects estimator based on wavelet thresholding techniques achieves the expected rate of convergence toward the true function. The second approach is dedicated to the selection of both fixed and random effects. We propose a method based on a penalized likelihood criterion with SCAD penalties for the estimation and the selection of both fixed effects and random effects variances. In the context of variable selection we prove that the penalized estimators enjoy the oracle property when the signal size diverges with the sample size. A simulation study is carried out to assess the behaviour of the two proposed approaches.
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Joyce Giacofci. Classification non supervisée et sélection de variables dans les modèles mixtes fonctionnels. Applications à la biologie moléculaire. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENM025⟩. ⟨tel-00987441v2⟩

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