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Dynamique de relaxation électronique d’un atome métallique déposé sur agrégat d’argon

Abstract : This thesis is a study on the interaction between electronically excited atomic states and a non-reactive environment. We have theoretically and experimentally studied situations where a metal atom (Ba or K) is placed in a finite size environment (argon cluster). The presence of the medium affects the electronic levels of the atom. On the other side, the excitation of the atom induces a relaxation dynamics of the electronic energy through the deformation of the cluster. The experimental part of this work focuses on two aspects : the spectroscopy and the dynamics. In both cases a first laser electronically excites the metal atom and the second ionizes the excited system. The observable is the photoelectron spectrum recorded after photoionization and possibly information on the photoion which are also produced. This pump/probe technique, with also two lasers, provide the ultrafast dynamic when the lasers pulses used are of ultrashort (60 fs ). The use of nanosecond lasers leads to resonance spectroscopic measurement, unresolved temporally, which give information on the position of the energy levels of the studied system. From a theoretical point-of-view, the excited states of M-Ar_n were calculated at the ab initio level, using large core pseudo-potential to limit the active electrons of the metal to valence electrons. The study of alkali metals (potassium) is especially well adapted to this method since only one electron is active. The ab-initio calculation and a Monte-Carlo simulation where coupled to optimize the geometry of the KAr_n (n = 1-10) cluster when K is in the ground state of the neutral and the ion, or excited in the 4p or 5s state. Calculations were also conducted in collaboration with B. Gervais (CIMAP, Caen) on KAr_n clusters having several tens of argon atoms. Absorption spectra were also calculated. From an experimental point-of-view, we were able to characterize the excited states of potassium and barium perturbed by the clusters. In both cases a binding ∏-state, and an anti-binding ∑ -state were observed. In the case of potassium, we observered that the excitation on the ∑ -state leads to the ejection of the metal within 1-2 ps while for barium, the excited state relaxes mainly on the ∏-state within 6 ps and does not followed by an ejection. The interpretation of these results uses the structures and potential calculated. A similar study was conducted on the DABCO molecule deposited argon cluster. Instead of K and Ba, the first excited state of this molecule is a diffuse isotropic state, which gives a specific relaxation to the photoinduced dynamics.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 30, 2014 - 1:52:10 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 6:10:02 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00985781, version 1

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Slim Awali. Dynamique de relaxation électronique d’un atome métallique déposé sur agrégat d’argon. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI; Université de Monastir (Tunisie), 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA112013⟩. ⟨tel-00985781⟩

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