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Comparaison des caractéristiques électriques et optiques des décharges glissantes sur différents types d'isolateurs dans le CO2, le SF6, le N2 et leurs mélanges à différentes pressions

Abstract : This work deals with a comparative study of optical and electrical characteristics of creeping discharges propagating at solid/gas interfaces on insulators made of glass, Bakelite and epoxy resin in the presence of N2, CO2 and SF6 gases and SF6/N2 SF6/CO2 mixtures, under DC and AC (50 Hz) voltage, using a point - plane electrode arrangement. The objective is to better understand the mechanisms involved in the initiation of partial discharges and their evolution and development into discharges surface (creeping discharges) that can lead to flashover of components and high voltage systems. The results show that the morphology and final length (maximum extension or stopping length) depend on the shape and amplitude of the voltage, the thickness and the nature of the solid insulator, type of gas / mixture and its pressure. It is shown that the final length Lf increases quasi-linearly with the voltage. Lf decreases as the gas pressure increases and/ or the thickness of the solid increases. Lf is shorter in SF6 than in CO2 or N2, and it decreases significantly when the rate of SF6 in the gas mixture increases. Moreover, for a given voltage, Lf increases with the dielectric constant of the solid insulation. The final length of the discharge is much higher under AC voltage than under DC voltage. The morphology of creeping discharges generated under DC and AC voltage is generally not radial; and their orientation is strongly influenced by the presence of space charges present or deposited on the surface of the insulator. A fractal analysis of creeping discharges experimentally obtained under DC voltage is also carried out and a correlation between the fractal dimension, the pressure of the gas, the dielectric constant and the thickness of the solid material is highlighted. In particular, the fractal dimension increases when the dielectric constant increases and / or thickness of the solid insulator decreases and / or pressure of the gas decreases.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00985379
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 29, 2014 - 3:52:39 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 1, 2020 - 2:44:18 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00985379, version 1

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Fares Sadaoui. Comparaison des caractéristiques électriques et optiques des décharges glissantes sur différents types d'isolateurs dans le CO2, le SF6, le N2 et leurs mélanges à différentes pressions. Autre. Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ECDL0019⟩. ⟨tel-00985379⟩

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