Acoustic imaging in enclosed spaces

Abstract : This thesis is concerned with the problem of noise source identification in closed spaces. The main motivation was to propose a technique which allows to locate and quantify noise sources within industrial vehicles, in a time-effective manner. In turn, the technique might be used by manufacturers for noise abatement purposes such as to provide quieter vehicles. A simplified model based on the equivalent source formulation was used to tackle the problem. It was shown that the problem is ill-conditioned, in the sense that it is very sensitive to errors in measurement data, thus regularization techniques were required. A detailed study of this issue, in particular the tuning of the so-called regularization parameter, was of importance to ensure the stability of the solution. In particular, a Bayesian regularization criterion was shown to be a very robust approach to optimally adjust the regularization parameter in an automated way. The target application concerns very large interior environments, which imposes additional difficulties, namely: (a) the positioning of the measurement array inside the enclosure; (b) a number of unknowns ("candidate" sources) much larger than the number of measurement positions. An iterative weighted formulation was then proposed to overcome the above issues by: first correct for the positioning of the array within the enclosure and second iteratively solve the problem in order to obtain a correct source quantification. In addition, the iterative approach has provided results with an enhanced spatial resolution and dynamic range. Several numerical studies have been carried out to validate the method as well as to evaluate its sensitivity to modeling errors. In particular, it was shown that the approach is affected by non-anechoic conditions, in the sense that reflections are identified as "real" sources. A post-processing technique which helps to distinguish between direct and reverberant paths has been discussed. The last part of the thesis was concerned with experimental validations and practical applications of the method. A custom spherical array consisting of a rigid sphere and 31 microphones has been built for the experimental tests. Several academic experimental validations have been carried out in semi-anechoic environments, which illustrated the advantages and limits of the method. Finally, the approach was tested in a practical application, which consisted in identifying noise sources inside a bus at driving conditions.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 7, 2015 - 6:27:17 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00984347, version 2


Antonio Pereira. Acoustic imaging in enclosed spaces. Acoustics [physics.class-ph]. INSA de Lyon, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAL0066⟩. ⟨tel-00984347v2⟩



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