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Analyse des représentations de la Nature et de la Technique dans le secteur de l’énergie en France et au Royaume-Uni : étude et comparaison symbolique des relations de l'Homme à son environnement dans l'énergie nucléaire et dans l'énergie renouvelable

Abstract : This thesis is dealing with the reality of an environmental utopia of cooperation between Nature and Technique in the energy sector, in the renewables in the United-Kingdom and in the nuclear energy in France. In a first part, we have established that energy systems, through cooperation projects between Nature and Technique, offered an interesting map of the competition, and more and more of the cooperation, between Nature and Technique in the studied discourses and practices, and especially in France. The second part of this work was about to show to what extent any resistances to these visions of Nature and Technique were stronger in France rather than in the United-Kingdom, because the se visions, as we have seeing in the first part, were more explicit in France. In the last part of this research, the aim was to demonstrate to what extent these representations of Nature and Technique cooperating meant the meeting of technological ideologies, belonging to the energy field, and of utopian visions of environment. We managed to show that, in the United-Kingdom, this utopian vision of the environment was more understood as a chance for energy actors in a project of a wave power plant, instead of France, where these utopian visions of the environment were a threat for the technological ideology, embodied by the nuclear energy
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Dalya Guerin Guérin. Analyse des représentations de la Nature et de la Technique dans le secteur de l’énergie en France et au Royaume-Uni : étude et comparaison symbolique des relations de l'Homme à son environnement dans l'énergie nucléaire et dans l'énergie renouvelable. Science politique. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA010344⟩. ⟨tel-00984260⟩

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