Ordre et justice chez Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Abstract : It is an examination of the interdependent links but paradoxical between order and justice in Rousseau, by taking account the variety of the contexts in which the two concepts come into contact, especially in the nature and society fields. Order generally seems pre-eminent in Rousseau's. But without justice, the positive value of the order turns over in negative value. The order is then unjust, or, the apparent order masks a real disorder. The relationship between the two concepts thus depends on the adopted point of view: ontological and metaphysical, or critical and evaluative. The interdependence of these concepts is further complicated by their polysemy. Order appears in a natural, social and individual form, and justice obeys a dual paradigm: a natural and rational paradigm of justice. However, the both models have limits. In order to resolve this problem due to the existence of an unjust order, Rousseau combines equality and injustice, and proposes an educational theory for Men to reach justice.
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Hamidani-Attoumani Ambririki. Ordre et justice chez Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Philosophie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009LIL30065⟩. ⟨tel-00982990⟩

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