Adaptive NoC for reconfigurable SoC

Abstract : Chips will be designed with billions of transistors and heterogeneous components integrated to provide full functionality of a current application for embedded system. These applications also require highly parallel and flexible communicating architecture through a regular interconnection network. The emerging solution that can fulfill this requirement is Network-on-Chips (NoCs). Designing an ideal NoC with high throughput, low latency, minimum using resources, minimum power consumption and small area size are very time consuming. Each application required different levels of QoS such as minimum level throughput delay and jitter. In this thesis, firstly, we proposed an evaluation of the impact of design parameters on performance of NoC. We evaluate the impact of NoC design parameters on the performances of an adaptive NoCs. The objective is to evaluate how big the impact of upgrading the value on performances. The result shows the accuracy of choosing and adjusting the network parameters can avoid performance degradation. It can be considered as the control mechanism in an adaptive NoC to avoid the degradation of QoS NoC. The use of deep sub-micron technology in embedded system and its variability process cause Single Event Upsets (SEU) and ''aging'' the circuit. SEU and aging of circuit is the major problem that cause the failure on transmitting the packet in a NoC. Implementing fault-tolerant routing techniques in NoC switching instead of adding virtual channel is the best solution to avoid the fault in NoC. Communication performance of a NoC is depends heavily on the routing algorithm. An adaptive routing algorithm such as fault-tolerant has been proposed for deadlock avoidance and load balancing. This thesis proposed a novel adaptive fault-tolerant routing algorithm for 2D mesh called Gradient and for 3D mesh called Diagonal. Both algorithms consider sequences of alternative paths for packets when the main path fails. The proposed algorithm tolerates faults in worst condition traffic in NoCs. The number of hops, the number of alternative paths, latency and throughput in faulty network are determined and compared with other 2D mesh routing algorithms. Finally, we implemented Gradient routing algorithm into FPGA. All these work were validated and characterized through simulation and implemented into FPGA. The results provide the comparison performance between proposed method with existing related method using some scenarios.
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Istas Pratomo. Adaptive NoC for reconfigurable SoC. Other. Université Rennes 1, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013REN1S136⟩. ⟨tel-00980066⟩

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