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Theses

Développement de microsystèmes électrochromatographiques en copolymère d'oléfine cyclique

Abstract : This manuscript is dedicated to the synthesis of organic monolithic stationary phases in plasticelectrochromatographic microchips. The bibliography part shows the benefit of electrokinetic techniques formicrosystems. After an overview on the use of monoliths in separation techniques, the manuscript is focusedon the description of photopolymerization process. Finally, a detailed review of the different protocols offunctionnalization of cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) surface to allow anchoring of the monolith to thechannel walls is produced.The experimental study firstly deals with the development and characterization of two acrylate monolithsdedicated to the reversed phase mode in chromatography. Then, the experimental part focus on a new onestepmethod for the simultaneous synthesis and anchoring of organic monolith inside COC microchipchannel, thanks to the use of type I photoinitiators. This protocol improves efficiencies which neverthelessstay below those obtained in capillary. Further, the adjustment of the irradiation conditions allows to reachup to 250 000 plates/m. Finally, the field of applications and the durability of microsystem have beenillustrated by the separation of different kinds of solutes (HAP, mycotoxins, catecholamines, biogenicamines) and the analysis of real matrices such as wine samples (for the quantitative determination of twobiogenic amines : histamine and tyramine).
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Yoann Ladner. Développement de microsystèmes électrochromatographiques en copolymère d'oléfine cyclique. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LYO10227⟩. ⟨tel-00976744⟩

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