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Theses

Changements globaux et assèchement des zones humides fluviales : conséquences sur les processus biogéochimiques et les communautés d'invertébrés

Abstract : Alluvial wetlands offer many ecological goods and services. In order to evaluate thelong term impact of global changes, it appeared essential to translate the hydrological changesin term of biological perturbation, so as to estimate the consequences on biodiversity andecosystem functioning. This PhD thesis focuses on two points: to propose a conceptual modelof ecological functioning of the wetlands that are subjected to seasonal drying and to estimatethe ecological vulnerability of aquatic invertebrate communities of the wetlands facing theincreasing drought risk, by considering both the benthic and interstitial assemblages (with aparticular interest on Crustaceans).Our main results demonstrate that wetlands’ morphology (running water, groundwaterupwelling, stagnant water) and their drying modalities (formation of isolated pools orcomplete drying) influence both the microbial and invertebrate community structures andcontrol the seasonal responses of biodiversity and ecological processes. The potential increasein the low flow period and drying intensity may increase the spatial and temporalheterogeneity of habitats and their specific richness but may decrease the global biodiversityof floodplain (rarefaction of sensible species). Severe low flow periods may also disturb theirecological functioning, reducing the organic matter recycling and the surface waters quality.Future studies should develop efficient strategies to support the ecological durability ofwetlands.
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Arnaud Dehédin. Changements globaux et assèchement des zones humides fluviales : conséquences sur les processus biogéochimiques et les communautés d'invertébrés. Sciences agricoles. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LYO10237⟩. ⟨tel-00976026⟩

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