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Thermal and superfluid properties of the two-dimensional Bose gas

Abstract : The physical properties of a homogeneous system at the thermodynamic equilibrium are strongly constrained by its dimensionality. In this respect, the two dimensional Bose gas constitutes a particularly interesting system: while it is impossible to observe a long range order at non-zero temperatures, there exists nevertheless a phase transition to a superfluid state at low temperatures. Furthermore, owing to the reduced dimensionality, the equation of state of the weakly interacting two-dimensional Bose gas is scale invariant. In this thesis, we present an experimental study of the two-dimensional Bose gas. We measure its equation of state with two different methods, and find a good agreement with analytic and numerical predictions. These results confirm as well the scale invariance of the system. Furthermore, one of the methods allows for a determination of the equation of state with a single adjustable parameter. We then characterize the superfluid response of the system., by showing evidence for a dissipationless response of the system to a moving perturbation. Finally, we analyze the fluctuations dynamics of the 2D Bose gas, which confirms both the suppression of density fluctuations in the superfluid phase, and the dominating contribution of phonons to the phase fluctuations.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 4, 2014 - 2:48:23 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00973469, version 1


Rémi Desbuquois. Thermal and superfluid properties of the two-dimensional Bose gas. Quantum Gases [cond-mat.quant-gas]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2013. English. ⟨tel-00973469⟩



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