Les établissements de paiement. Un nouvel acteur bancaire

Abstract : Europe of payments knew an indisputable advance with the institution of the single currency but there was a real necessity of going beyond this simple currency by creating a real single space of European payment. The European legislator wanted to create a common and homogeneous frame regarding services of payment to all the banking and financial organizations of the European economic zone. Of this wish of harmonization was born the will of decrease of the costs. For that purpose, the European legislator introduced a new actor into the banking and financial system: the payment institution. This new structure was thus created with an objective clearly posted : to favor the putting in competition of payments services to end in this reduction of the costs.To favor the development of the payment institutions, the European legislator dedicated them a specific frame with softened prudent conditions and dedicated approval procedure. In return of this relieved frame, these new payment institutions can propose just restricted services of payment. From then on, the putting in competition with their predecessors can be only limited.Besides, in the presence of these new actors and innovative payment services being able to be proposed, it was necessary to offer to the users of services of payment a specific protection. But the established European regulatory framework seems to be incomplete. Also, our national regulations seem unsuitable so demonstrating a necessity of general reform.
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Mouna Jemali. Les établissements de paiement. Un nouvel acteur bancaire. Droit. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014NICE0001⟩. ⟨tel-00973466⟩

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