Activité électrique et changements d'intensité des systèmes convectifs tropicaux dans le sud-ouest de l'océan Indien: Observations et modélisation

Abstract : Tropical cyclone track forecast has improved over the past two decades but little improvement have been done in intensity changes forecast. This thesis focuses on the intensity changes of tropical cyclones in the southwest Indian ocean through the original aspect of lightning activity. A climatology of lightning activity in the southwest Indian ocean using data from the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) is first proposed. Results showed that the WWLLN was able to locate and capture the lightning activity in the basin and that tropical cyclones can be considered as a major source of lightning flashes in some oceanic parts of this region. From this result, study of lightning activity in tropical cyclones of the southwest Indian ocean has been done considering the basin configuration. Thus, three regions were defined : open ocean, region near the eastern coast of Madagascar and the Mozambique Channel. The location and intensity of lightning activity depend on the region and the intensity stage. Lightning flashes seem to be a proxy of intensification or weakening under some conditions. The third step of this thesis was to simulate in an idealized framework a mature tropical cyclone. The model was first able to reproduce the sporadic behavior of lightning activity as observed. Budgets have shown that the presence of three distinctive phases characterized by different dynamical, microphysical and electrical behaviors. Finally, another purely numerical work tried to identify some proxies of lightning activity according two approaches : a global analysis and a per-cell analysis. In both cases, the best proxies are the total graupel mass, the updraft volume and the product of precipitating and non-precipitating ice mass fluxes.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00972040
Contributor : Christophe Bovalo <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 3, 2014 - 2:26:46 PM
Last modification on : Monday, September 2, 2019 - 9:42:47 AM
Long-term archiving on : Thursday, July 3, 2014 - 2:36:06 PM

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Christophe Bovalo. Activité électrique et changements d'intensité des systèmes convectifs tropicaux dans le sud-ouest de l'océan Indien: Observations et modélisation. Océan, Atmosphère. Université de la Réunion, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-00972040⟩

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