UNE APPROCHE DE L'AIDE PUBLIQUE AU DÉVELOPPEMENT PAR LE BIAIS DE SES OBJECTIFS CHIFFRÉS : examen de la définition des objectifs comme facteur explicatif de leur non réalisation

Abstract : The first quantitative goal for official development assistance was established in 1970, in a world strongly influenced by redistribution concerns between Northern and Southern countries. The adoption of the Millennium Development Goals renewed the interest in quantitative ODA targets. Other goals, adopted during the last decade, added to the 0.7%, which until then stood for the unique reference for ODA volume. These goals share one common characteristic: their non-accomplishment. It is commonly assumed that the non-accomplishment of the goals is mainly due to donor countries' lack of political will. In this thesis, we attempt to identify more tangible reasons which could explain repetitive failure in fulfilling the goals. For this purpose, we examine the definition of the goals themselves through a critical reading of its constituent elements: its reference indicator, i.e. ODA, its quantitative targets and the nature of donor countries' commitments. We conclude that quantitative ODA goals, as they are defined, are not intended to be reached. Their first purpose is to act as an incentive for donor countries to raise efforts on ODA volume. This means that, at least partly, the definition of the goals accounts for their non-accomplishment. It also explains why failure in meeting the goals persists over time: the goals carry inherently the seed for their subsequent failure. Furthermore, they confine ODA into a logic that has widely proved ineffective.
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Miriam Cue Rio. UNE APPROCHE DE L'AIDE PUBLIQUE AU DÉVELOPPEMENT PAR LE BIAIS DE SES OBJECTIFS CHIFFRÉS : examen de la définition des objectifs comme facteur explicatif de leur non réalisation. Economies et finances. Université de Versailles-Saint Quentin en Yvelines, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-00969514⟩

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