Les zones humides d'Albanie : transmission des normes internationales et européennes en matière environnementale en Albanie et dans les Balkans occidentaux. Le cas de cinq zones humides : Shkodra, Karavasta, Narta, Butrinti et Prespa

Abstract : This paper analyzes the internationalization of environmental protection on five major wetlands of Albania. By geography and location of biological corridors, these areas are hot spot of biodiversity. Three of them are listed on the Ramsar convention. Large coastal plains of Albania were once very swampy, favorable to the development of biodiversity, especially as they were sparsely populated, because the Albanian people living in the mountains. The Communists came to power led to a shift in values, extolling the virtues of these coastal plains neglected. Their drying and cultivation led to the disappearance of buffer spaces and changes of physico-chemical equilibria of water from wetlands, including the salinity of the water. The introduction of species for fishing, agricultural and industrial pollution, clogging of channels by the influx of sediments related to the exposure of the soil, were all consequences of agricultural practices during communism. The openenig of Albania in 1991 caused the multiplication of actors on Wetlands, and the formation of unique geographic systems born of these games players. Agricultural pressures are declining, but local actors exploit wild resources sometimes without control. Global players play on both the attractiveness of Albania as a country with low rates of labor and strategic location on energy paths. International institutions to push the creation of protected wetlands to the appropriate biodiversity issues and gather broken segments of biological corridors, areas that the state encourages as many ways to advance his pawns on the diplomatic chessboard. These strategies built on a nested territory form a particular geography that we map in the last part. They determine the axes, areas and points of national or local comprehensive, and strategic value political, economic or environmental. [etc.]
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Anila Shallari. Les zones humides d'Albanie : transmission des normes internationales et européennes en matière environnementale en Albanie et dans les Balkans occidentaux. Le cas de cinq zones humides : Shkodra, Karavasta, Narta, Butrinti et Prespa. Histoire. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013MON30053⟩. ⟨tel-00967139⟩

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