Synthesis of novel “green” polyesters from plant oils : application to the rubber-toughening of poly(L-lactide)

Abstract : The objective of this thesis work, is to promote the use of fatty acid-based aliphatic polyesters as impact modifiers for poly(L-lactide) (PLLA).Firstly, poly(ester-amide)s (PEAs) have been synthesized from castor oil derivatives. The structure-properties relationship of the PEAs so-formed was clearly established. The PEAs were then melt-blended with PLLA by extrusion, yielding blends with improved impact strength compared to neat PLLA.A series of polyesters covering a wide range of thermo-mechanical properties was then employed to evaluate the influence of the polyester morphology on the properties of the blends with PLLA. A strong dependence of the impact strength of the blends was noticed with the crystallinity degree of the polyester additive.An improvement of the mechanical properties of PLLA was also obtained by ring-opening polymerization of lactide initiated by a di-hydroxy telechelic poly(ricinoleic acid). The so-formed triblock copolymers were fully characterized in terms of morphology and mechanical properties.Finally, an exploratory investigation related to the synthesis of PLLA impact modifiers by ADMET was carried out. Particularly, the copolymerization of two bio-based α,ω-dienes yielded a series of “LLDPE like” polyesters, LLDPE being a commonly used impact modifier for PLLA.
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Thomas Lebarbe. Synthesis of novel “green” polyesters from plant oils : application to the rubber-toughening of poly(L-lactide). Other. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013BOR15216⟩. ⟨tel-00965638⟩

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