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Amélioration de l'adhésion de revêtements épais sur acier : étude expérimentale et numérique

Abstract : External Corrosion can weaken underground steel pipelines and render them unsafe for transporting oil or gas. Premature damage of this network could lead to dramatic financial and environmental consequences. Three layers polyolefin coatings composed by a fusion bonded epoxy, a modified polyolefin adhesive and a thick polyolefin topcoat, are the most widely systems used to preserve the structure integrity. This protective coating system presents excellent adhesion. Nevertheless, in some specific cases, loss of adhesion has been observed at steel/epoxy interface on operating pipelines on shorter period than their expected lifetime of about fifty years. This disbonding can be assigned to the progressive degradation of interfacial bonds between the epoxy primer and the metallic surface combined to substantial interfacial stresses between the different layers of the assembly. This study thus aims both to provide solutions to achieve the best ageing performance of the adhesive bond, and secondly to quantify the stress levels in a coated steel pipe since coating manufacturing to pipeline commissioning.Given that interfacial bonds depend necessarily on steel surface preparation, cleaning methods were compared to appraise their influence on assemblies dry and wet adhesion. Surface preparations allow to achieve a level of cleanness and to create a surface roughness. These two elements maximize binding forces and therefore the adhesion of the coating. The coating is thus more resistant to aggressive environments. All cleaning process have led to equivalent level of cleanness of steel substrate. Experiments carried out on mirror polished steel substrates highlighted that a surface roughness is necessary to improve joints durability. Roughness allows to obtain higher adhesion compared to mirror polished steel substrates, slows the effects of humid ageing and thus contributes to extend the durability of the system. It has been demonstrated that a high roughness is particularly beneficial for dry adhesion. By cons, beyond a certain roughness, increasing the surface roughness does not lead to significant improvement of wet adhesion. The benefits of surface treatments were also investigated. The addition of a surface treatment has little impact on dry adhesion in comparison with a conventional surface preparation. However, surface treatments substantially enhance the adhesion strength in wet stage, and therefore increase the durability of the assemblies. We also demonstrate that aminosilane surface treatments are competitive alternatives to traditional chromate conversion, which is the surface treatment of reference in pipeline industry, and whose use will be prohibited in a near future considering changes in legislation. Under good conditions of application and associated with appropriate fusion bonded epoxy, dry and wet adhesion obtained with silane surface treatments are comparable (or even higher ) than those obtained with chromate surface treatments.Furthermore, finite element modeling has allowed to specify interfacial stresses levels inside the assembly resulting from coating's manufacturing process and to predict their evolution over time and during wet ageing.
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Madeleine Rita Tchoquessi Diodjo Tchoquessi-Diodjo. Amélioration de l'adhésion de revêtements épais sur acier : étude expérimentale et numérique. Autre. Université de Toulon, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013TOUL0010⟩. ⟨tel-00965535⟩

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