#. %&-'!, Merkat relies on three services: an Application Management System, a VM Scheduler, a Virtual Currency Manager These services are built on top of an IaaS cloud manager, which provides basic functionalities for managing VMs and users. Users and administrators can interact with these services through a set of CLI tools or by using the XML-RPC protocol. Merkat is designed to be generic and extensible to support a variety of workloads and resource provisioning policies, Figure 6.1 describes the architecture of Merkat

!. J. and #. >c, #5+)):;5@=# >>"####$@7(7)-*;=# >A, 6+9-=REEM'*-$@9-,)6+9-=# >G"####$:*)(9=# >I"########$S6-=:*:1+&""#$%&'()++ $)7(/6&'()+ .8$1+538-.1+
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00088758

$. 494&, ,$ *$ '.''$ +.')$ 0, +0$ !"#$%&'$(, pp.678-684

D. Abramson, R. Buyya, and J. Giddy, A computational economy for grid computing and its implementation in the Nimrod-G resource broker, Future Generation Computer Systems, vol.18, issue.8, pp.1061-1074, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-739X(02)00085-7

A. Amar, R. Bolze, A. Bouteiller, A. Chis, Y. Caniou et al., Diet: New Developments and Recent Results, Euro-Par 2006 Workshops -Parallel Processing, pp.150-170, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-72337-0_15

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01429988

D. P. Anderson, BOINC: A System for Public-Resource Computing and Storage, Fifth IEEE/ACM International Workshop on Grid Computing, pp.4-10, 2004.
DOI : 10.1109/GRID.2004.14

P. Anedda, S. Leo, S. Manca, M. Gaggero, and G. Zanetti, Suspending, migrating and resuming HPC virtual clusters, Future Generation Computer Systems, vol.26, issue.8, pp.1063-1072, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.future.2010.05.007

M. Annaratone, MPPs, Amdahl's law, and comparing computers, [Proceedings 1992] The Fourth Symposium on the Frontiers of Massively Parallel Computation, pp.465-470, 1992.
DOI : 10.1109/FMPC.1992.234879

A. Auyoung, B. Chun, A. Snoeren, and A. Vahdat, Resource allocation in federated distributed computing infrastructures, Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Operating System and Architectural Support for the On-demand IT InfraStructure, 2004.

A. I. Avetisyan, R. Campbell, I. Gupta, M. T. Heath, S. Y. Ko et al., Open Cirrus: A Global Cloud Computing Testbed, Computer, vol.43, issue.4, pp.35-43, 2010.
DOI : 10.1109/MC.2010.111

A. Barak, S. Guday, and R. G. Wheeler, The MOSIX distributed operating system: load balancing for UNIX, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-56663-5

P. Barham, B. Dragovic, K. Fraser, S. Hand, T. Harris et al., Xen and the art of virtualization, Proceedings of the Nineteenth ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles (SOSP '03), pp.164-177, 2003.

A. Bavier, M. Bowman, B. Chun, D. Culler, S. Karlin et al., Operating system support for planetaryscale network services, Proceedings of the 1st conference on Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation, pp.19-19, 2004.

R. Bolze, F. Cappello, E. Caron, M. Daydé, F. Desprez et al., Grid'5000: A Large Scale And Highly Reconfigurable Experimental Grid Testbed, International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, vol.20, issue.4, 2006.
DOI : 10.1177/1094342006070078

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00684943

E. Bugnion, S. Devine, K. Govil, and M. Rosenblum, Disco: running commodity operating systems on scalable multiprocessors, ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, vol.15, issue.4, pp.412-447, 1997.
DOI : 10.1145/265924.265930

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

R. Buyya, D. Abramson, J. Giddy, and H. Stockinger, Economic models for resource management and scheduling in grid computing. Concurrency and computation: practice and experience, pp.13-151507, 2002.

R. Buyya, R. Ranjan, and R. N. Calheiros, InterCloud: Utility-Oriented Federation of Cloud Computing Environments for Scaling of Application Services, Algorithms and architectures for parallel processing, pp.13-31, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-13119-6_2

R. N. Calheiros, R. Ranjan, A. Beloglazov, C. A. De-rose, and R. Buyya, Cloudsim: a toolkit for modeling and simulation of cloud computing environments and evaluation of resource provisioning algorithms. Software Practice and Experience, pp.23-50, 2011.

R. N. Calheiros, C. Vecchiola, D. Karunamoorthy, R. Buyya, E. Carlini et al., The Aneka platform and QoS-driven resource provisioning for elastic applications on hybrid Clouds, Euro-Par 2011: Parallel Processing Workshops, pp.861-870, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.future.2011.07.005

A. Casajus, R. Graciani, S. Paterson, and A. Tsaregorodtsev, DIRAC pilot framework and the DIRAC Workload Management System, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, p.62049, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/1742-6596/219/6/062049

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00737583

H. Casanova, F. Berman, G. Obertelli, and R. Wolski, The apples parameter sweep template: User-level middleware for the grid, Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE 2000 Supercomputing Conference, pp.60-60, 2000.

J. S. Chase, D. E. Irwin, L. E. Grit, J. D. Moore, and S. E. Sprenkle, Dynamic virtual clusters in a grid site manager, High Performance Distributed Computing, 2003. Proceedings. 12th IEEE International Symposium on, pp.90-100, 2003.
DOI : 10.1109/HPDC.2003.1210019

J. Q. Cheng and M. P. Wellman, The walras algorithm: A convergent distributed implementation of general equilibrium outcomes, Computational Economics, vol.12, issue.1, pp.1-24, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1008654125853

K. Chodorow and M. Dirolf, MongoDB: the definitive guide. O'Reilly Media, 2010.

B. N. Chun, P. Buonadonna, A. Auyoung, C. Ng, D. C. Parkes et al., Mirage: A Microeconomic Resource Allocation System for Sensornet Testbeds, The Second IEEE Workshop on Embedded Networked Sensors, 2005. EmNetS-II., 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/EMNETS.2005.1469095

B. N. Chun and D. E. Culler, REXEC: A Decentralized, Secure Remote Execution Environment for Clusters, Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Network- Based Parallel Computing: Communication, Architecture, and Applications, CANPC '00, pp.1-14, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/10720115_1

B. N. Chun and D. E. Culler, User-Centric Performance Analysis of Market-Based Cluster Batch Schedulers, 2nd IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster Computing and the Grid (CCGRID'02), pp.30-30, 2002.
DOI : 10.1109/CCGRID.2002.1017109

W. Cirne, D. Paranhos, L. Costa, E. Santos-neto, F. Brasileiro et al., Running Bag-of-Tasks applications on computational grids: the MyGrid approach, 2003 International Conference on Parallel Processing, 2003. Proceedings., pp.407-416, 2003.
DOI : 10.1109/ICPP.2003.1240605

B. Claudel, G. Huard, and O. Richard, TakTuk, adaptive deployment of remote executions, Proceedings of the 18th ACM international symposium on High performance distributed computing, HPDC '09, pp.91-100, 2009.
DOI : 10.1145/1551609.1551629

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00788923

. Codesaturne, Codesaturne : a finite volume code for the computation of turbulent incompressible flows -industrial applications, International Journal on Finite Volumes, 2004.

B. F. Cooper and H. Garcia-molina, Bidding for storage space in a peer-to-peer data preservation system, Proceedings 22nd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, pp.372-381, 2002.
DOI : 10.1109/ICDCS.2002.1022275

T. Cortes, C. Franke, Y. Jégou, T. Kielmann, D. Laforenza et al., XtreemOS: a Vision for a Grid Operating System, 2008.

S. V. Costache, N. Parlavantzas, C. Morin, and S. Kortas, An Economic Approach for Application QoS Management in Clouds, Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Virtualization in High-Performance Cloud Computing, Europar Workshops, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-29740-3_48

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00625983

S. V. Costache, N. Parlavantzas, C. Morin, and S. Kortas, Themis: Economy-based Automatic Resource Scaling for Cloud Systems, 2012 IEEE 14th International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communication & 2012 IEEE 9th International Conference on Embedded Software and Systems, p.12, 2012.
DOI : 10.1109/HPCC.2012.56

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00698583

S. V. Costache, N. Parlavantzas, C. Morin, and S. Kortas, Merkat: A market-based slo-driven cloud platform -under submission, 2013.

S. V. Costache, N. Parlavantzas, C. Morin, and S. Kortas, On the Use of a Proportional-Share Market for Application SLO Support in Clouds, Proceedings of the 19th International European Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing, p.13, 2013.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-40047-6_35

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00821558

J. Dean and S. Ghemawat, MapReduce, 6th Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation, pp.137-149, 2004.
DOI : 10.1145/1327452.1327492

S. Delamare, G. Fedak, D. Kondo, and O. Lodygensky, SpeQuloS, Proceedings of the 21st international symposium on High-Performance Parallel and Distributed Computing, HPDC '12, pp.173-186, 2012.
DOI : 10.1145/2287076.2287106

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00757074

B. , D. Martino, D. Petcu, R. Cossu, P. Goncalves et al., Building a mosaic of clouds, Euro-Par 2010 Parallel Processing Workshops, pp.571-578, 2011.

W. Emeneker and D. Stanzione, Dynamic Virtual Clustering, 2007 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing, pp.84-90, 2007.
DOI : 10.1109/CLUSTR.2007.4629220

]. C. Engelmann, G. R. Vallee, T. Naughton, and S. L. Scott, Proactive Fault Tolerance Using Preemptive Migration, 2009 17th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Network-based Processing, pp.252-257, 2009.
DOI : 10.1109/PDP.2009.31

A. C. Enterprises, Inc.: Moab workload manager administrator guide, version 6

D. G. Feitelson and L. Rudolph, Gang scheduling performance benefits for fine-grain synchronization, Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol.16, issue.4, pp.306-318, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0743-7315(92)90014-E

D. G. Feitelson and L. Rudolph, Toward convergence in job schedulers for parallel supercomputers, Job Scheduling Strategies for Parallel Processing, pp.1-26, 1996.
DOI : 10.1007/BFb0022284

E. Feller, L. Rilling, and C. Morin, Snooze: A Scalable and Autonomic Virtual Machine Management Framework for Private Clouds, 2012 12th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud and Grid Computing (ccgrid 2012), pp.482-489, 2012.
DOI : 10.1109/CCGrid.2012.71

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00651542

D. Ferguson, Y. Yemini, and C. Nikolaou, Microeconomic algorithms for load balancing in distributed computer systems, [1988] Proceedings. The 8th International Conference on Distributed, 1988.
DOI : 10.1109/DCS.1988.12552

J. R. Figueiredo, P. A. Dinda, and J. A. Fortes, A case for grid computing on virtual machines, 23rd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, 2003. Proceedings., 2003.
DOI : 10.1109/ICDCS.2003.1203506

I. Foster and C. Kesselman, The Grid 2: Blueprint for a new computing infrastructure, 2003.

F. Glover and M. Laguna, Tabu search, 1997.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01412610

D. Goldenberg, Infiniband device virtualization in xen, Xen summit, 2006.

L. Grit, D. Irwin, V. Marupadi, P. Shivam, A. Yumerefendi et al., Harnessing virtual machine resource control for job management, Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Virtualization Technology in Distributed Computing, 2006.

L. E. Grit, Extensible resource management for networked virtual computing. Pro- Quest, 2007.

N. Grozev and R. Buyya, Inter-cloud architectures and application brokering: taxonomy and survey. Software Practice and Experience, 2012.

A. Gulati, A. Holler, M. Ji, G. Shanmuganathan, C. Waldspurger et al., Vmware distributed resource management: Design, implementation, and lessons learned, VMware Technical Journal, vol.1, issue.1, pp.45-64, 2012.

R. Han, L. Guo, M. M. Ghanem, and Y. Guo, Lightweight Resource Scaling for Cloud Applications, 2012 12th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud and Grid Computing (ccgrid 2012), pp.644-651, 2012.
DOI : 10.1109/CCGrid.2012.52

F. Hermenier, X. Lorca, and J. Menaud, Entropy, Proceedings of the 2009 ACM SIGPLAN/SIGOPS international conference on Virtual execution environments, VEE '09, 2009.
DOI : 10.1145/1508293.1508300

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00320204

B. Hess, C. Kutzner, D. Van-der-spoel, and E. Lindahl, GROMACS 4:?? Algorithms for Highly Efficient, Load-Balanced, and Scalable Molecular Simulation, Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, vol.4, issue.3, pp.435-447, 2008.
DOI : 10.1021/ct700301q

URL : http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-7903-4

B. Hindman, A. Konwinski, M. Zaharia, A. Ghodsi, A. D. Joseph et al., Mesos: a platform for fine-grained resource sharing in the data center, Proceedings of USENIX conference on Networked Systems Design and Implementation, NSDI'11, pp.22-22, 2011.

M. R. Hines and K. Gopalan, Post-copy based live virtual machine migration using adaptive pre-paging and dynamic self-ballooning, Proceedings of the 2009 ACM SIGPLAN/SIGOPS international conference on Virtual execution environments, VEE '09, pp.51-60, 2009.
DOI : 10.1145/1508293.1508301

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

W. Huang, J. Liu, B. Abali, and K. D. Panda, A case for high performance computing with virtual machines, Proceedings of the 20th annual international conference on Supercomputing , ICS '06, 2006.
DOI : 10.1145/1183401.1183421

A. C. Hume, Y. Al-hazmi, B. Belter, K. Campowsky, L. M. Carril et al., BonFIRE: A Multi-cloud Test Facility for Internet of Services Experimentation, Testbeds and Research Infrastructure . Development of Networks and Communities, pp.81-96, 2012.
DOI : 10.1120/jacmp.v10i3.2998

P. Hunt, M. Konar, F. P. Junqueira, and B. Reed, Zookeeper: wait-free coordination for internet-scale systems, Proceedings of the 2010 USENIX conference on USENIX annual technical conference, pp.11-11, 2010.

D. Irwin, J. Chase, L. Grit, and A. Yumerefendi, Self-recharging virtual currency, Proceeding of the 2005 ACM SIGCOMM workshop on Economics of peer-to-peer systems , P2PECON '05, pp.93-98, 2005.
DOI : 10.1145/1080192.1080194

K. Keahey, P. Armstrong, J. Bresnahan, D. Labissoniere, and P. Riteau, Infrastructure outsourcing in multi-cloud environment Virtual workspaces: Achieving quality of service and quality of life in the grid, Workshop on Cloud Services, Federation, and the 8th Open Cirrus Summit Scientific Programming, pp.265-275, 2005.

K. Keahey and T. Freeman, Contextualization: Providing One-Click Virtual Clusters, 2008 IEEE Fourth International Conference on eScience, pp.301-308, 2008.
DOI : 10.1109/eScience.2008.82

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

A. Kivity, Y. Kamay, D. Laor, U. Lublin, and A. Liguori, kvm: the Linux virtual machine monitor, Proceedings of the Linux Symposium, pp.225-230, 2007.

N. Kiyanclar, G. A. Koenig, and W. Yurcik, Maestro-VC: a paravirtualized execution environment for secure on-demand cluster computing, Sixth IEEE International Symposium on Cluster Computing and the Grid (CCGRID'06), p.12, 2006.
DOI : 10.1109/CCGRID.2006.1630923

C. Klein and C. Perez, An rms architecture for efficiently supporting complexmoldable applications, Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00606771

C. Klein and C. Pérez, An RMS for Non-predictably Evolving Applications, 2011 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing, pp.326-334, 2011.
DOI : 10.1109/CLUSTER.2011.56

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00599150

S. Kortas and B. Depardon, Vishnu/sysfera-ds : Un portail d'accès unifié aux ressources des centres de calcul. mise en application à edf r&d. Journées scientifiques mésocentres et France Grilles, supercalculateurs, grilles et clouds : des outils complémentaires pour la science, 2012.

K. Lai, L. Rasmusson, E. Adar, L. Zhang, and B. Huberman, Tycoon: An implementation of a distributed, market-based resource allocation system, Multiagent and Grid Systems, vol.1, issue.3, pp.169-182, 2005.
DOI : 10.3233/MGS-2005-1303

E. Laure, S. Fisher, A. Frohner, C. Grandi, P. Kunszt et al., Programming the Grid with gLite*, Computational Methods in Science and Technology, vol.12, issue.1, pp.33-45, 2006.
DOI : 10.12921/cmst.2006.12.01.33-45

A. A. Lazar and N. Semret, Design and analysis of the progressive second price auction for network bandwidth sharing. Telecommunication Systems-Special issue on, Network Economics, vol.20, pp.255-263, 1999.

C. B. Lee and A. E. Snavely, Precise and realistic utility functions for user-centric performance analysis of schedulers, Proceedings of the 16th international symposium on High performance distributed computing , HPDC '07, pp.107-116, 2007.
DOI : 10.1145/1272366.1272381

M. Litzkow, M. Livny, and M. Mutka, Condor-a hunter of idle workstations, [1988] Proceedings. The 8th International Conference on Distributed, 1988.
DOI : 10.1109/DCS.1988.12507

U. Lublin and D. G. Feitelson, The workload on parallel supercomputers: modeling the characteristics of rigid jobs, Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol.63, issue.11, pp.1105-1122, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0743-7315(03)00108-4

P. Marshall, K. Keahey, and T. Freeman, Elastic Site: Using Clouds to Elastically Extend Site Resources, 2010 10th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Cluster, Cloud and Grid Computing, pp.43-52, 2010.
DOI : 10.1109/CCGRID.2010.80

A. Mashtizadeh, E. Celebi, T. Garfinkel, and M. Cai, The design and evolution of live storage migration in vmware esx, USENIX ATC, pp.1-14, 2011.

M. Maurer, I. Brandic, and R. Sakellariou, Enacting SLAs in Clouds Using Rules, Euro-Par 2011 Parallel Processing, pp.455-466, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.comnet.2009.04.014

P. Mell and T. Grance, The nist definition of cloud computing (draft), NIST special publication, vol.800, p.145, 2011.

P. B. Menage, Adding generic process containers to the linux kernel, Proceedings of the Linux Symposium, pp.45-57, 2007.

T. Metsch, A. Edmonds, R. Nyrén, and A. Papaspyrou, Open cloud computing interface?core. In Open Grid Forum, OCCI-WG, Specification Document Available at: http://forge. gridforum. org/sf, 2010.

D. S. Milo´?i?i?milo´?i?i?, F. Douglis, Y. Paindaveine, R. Wheeler, and S. Zhou, Process migration, ACM Comput. Surv, vol.32, issue.3, pp.241-299, 2000.

C. Morin, R. Lottiaux, G. Vallée, P. Gallard, G. Utard et al., Kerrighed: A Single System Image Cluster Operating System for High Performance Computing, Euro-Par 2003 Parallel Processing, pp.1291-1294, 2003.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-45209-6_175

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01271227

M. A. Murphy, M. Fenn, and S. Goasguen, Virtual Organization Clusters, 2009 17th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Network-based Processing, pp.401-408, 2009.
DOI : 10.1109/PDP.2009.23

A. C. Murthy, C. Douglas, M. Konar, O. O. Malley, S. Radia et al., Architecture of next generation apache hadoop mapreduce framework, 2011.

M. N. Bennani and D. A. Menasce, Resource Allocation for Autonomic Data Centers using Analytic Performance Models, Second International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC'05), pp.229-240, 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/ICAC.2005.50

A. B. Nagarajan, F. Mueller, C. Engelmann, and S. L. Scott, Proactive fault tolerance for HPC with Xen virtualization, Proceedings of the 21st annual international conference on Supercomputing, ICS '07, p.23, 2007.
DOI : 10.1145/1274971.1274978

H. N. Van, F. Dang-tran, and J. Menaud, Autonomic virtual resource management for service hosting platforms, Proceedings of the 2009 ICSE Workshop on Software Engineering Challenges of Cloud Computing, pp.1-8, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00474721

J. Norris, K. Coleman, A. Fox, and G. Candea, OnCall: defeating spikes with a free-market application cluster, International Conference on Autonomic Computing, 2004. Proceedings., pp.198-205, 2004.
DOI : 10.1109/ICAC.2004.1301364

D. Nurmi, R. Wolski, C. Grzegorczyk, G. Obertelli, S. Soman et al., The Eucalyptus Open-Source Cloud-Computing System, 2009 9th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster Computing and the Grid, pp.124-131, 2009.
DOI : 10.1109/CCGRID.2009.93

S. Park and M. Humphrey, Self-tuning virtual machines for predictable escience. Cluster Computing and the Grid, IEEE International Symposium on, vol.0, pp.356-363, 2009.

G. Pierre, I. Helw, C. Stratan, A. Oprescu, T. Kielmann et al., ConPaaS, Proceedings of the Workshop on Posters and Demos Track, PDT '11, 2011.
DOI : 10.1145/2088960.2088965

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01446483

G. Pierre and C. Stratan, ConPaaS: A Platform for Hosting Elastic Cloud Applications, IEEE Internet Computing, vol.16, issue.5, 2012.
DOI : 10.1109/MIC.2012.105

L. Ramakrishnan, D. Irwin, L. Grit, A. Yumerefendi, A. Iamnitchi et al., Toward a Doctrine of Containment: Grid Hosting with Adaptive Resource Control, ACM/IEEE SC 2006 Conference (SC'06), p.101, 2006.
DOI : 10.1109/SC.2006.64

O. Regev and N. Nisan, The POPCORN market. Online markets for computational resources, Decision Support Systems, vol.28, issue.1-2, pp.177-189, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-9236(99)00067-6

R. Russell, virtio, ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review, vol.42, issue.5, pp.95-103, 2008.
DOI : 10.1145/1400097.1400108

P. Ruth, X. Jiang, D. Xu, and S. Goasguen, Virtual distributed environments in a shared infrastructure, Computer, vol.38, issue.5, pp.63-69, 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/MC.2005.175

P. Ruth, P. Mcgachey, and D. Xu, VioCluster: Virtualization for Dynamic Computational Domains, 2005 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing, 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/CLUSTR.2005.347064

P. Ruth, J. Rhee, D. Xu, R. Kennell, and S. Goasguen, Autonomic Live Adaptation of Virtual Computational Environments in a Multi-Domain Infrastructure, 2006 IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing, pp.5-14, 2006.
DOI : 10.1109/ICAC.2006.1662376

R. Sandberg, D. Goldberg, S. Kleiman, D. Walsh, and B. Lyon, Design and implementation or the sun network filesystem, 1985.

T. Sandholm and K. Lai, A statistical approach to risk mitigation in computational markets, Proceedings of the 16th international symposium on High performance distributed computing , HPDC '07, pp.85-96, 2007.
DOI : 10.1145/1272366.1272378

T. Sandholm and K. Lai, Dynamic Proportional Share Scheduling in Hadoop, 15th Workshop on Job Scheduling Strategies for Parallel Processing, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-16505-4_7

T. Sandholm, K. Lai, and S. Clearwater, Admission Control in a Computational Market, 2008 Eighth IEEE International Symposium on Cluster Computing and the Grid (CCGRID), pp.277-286, 2008.
DOI : 10.1109/CCGRID.2008.82

T. W. Scheduler, www-142.ibm.com/software/products

M. Schwarzkopf, A. Konwinski, M. Abd-el-malek, and J. Wilkes, Omega, Proceedings of the 8th ACM European Conference on Computer Systems, EuroSys '13, 2013.
DOI : 10.1145/2465351.2465386

Z. Shen, S. Subbiah, X. Gu, and J. Wilkes, CloudScale, Proceedings of the 2nd ACM Symposium on Cloud Computing, SOCC '11, pp.1-5, 2011.
DOI : 10.1145/2038916.2038921

J. Sherwani, N. Ali, N. Lotia, Z. Hayat, and R. Buyya, Libra: a computational economy-based job scheduling system for clusters. Software Practice and Experience, pp.573-590, 2004.

J. E. Smith and R. Nair, The architecture of virtual machines, Computer, vol.38, issue.5, pp.32-38, 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/MC.2005.173

B. Sotomayor, K. Keahey, and I. Foster, Combining batch execution and leasing using virtual machines [158] B. Sotomayor, R. Montero, I. Llorente, and I. Foster. An Open Source Solution for Virtual Infrastructure Management in Private and Hybrid Clouds, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing, pp.87-9614, 2008.
DOI : 10.1145/1383422.1383434

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

S. Srinivasan, R. Kettimuthu, V. Subramani, and P. Sadayappan, Characterization of backfilling strategies for parallel job scheduling, Proceedings. International Conference on Parallel Processing Workshop, pp.514-519, 2002.
DOI : 10.1109/ICPPW.2002.1039773

G. Staples, Torque resource manager, Proceedings of ACM/IEEE conference on Supercomputing, 2006.

M. Stillwell, F. Vivien, and H. Casanova, Dynamic fractional resource scheduling for HPC workloads, 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing (IPDPS), pp.1-12, 2010.
DOI : 10.1109/IPDPS.2010.5470356

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00527068

I. Stoica, H. Abdel-wahab, and A. Pothen, A microeconomic scheduler for parallel computers, Job Scheduling Strategies for Parallel Processing, pp.200-218, 1995.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-60153-8_30

M. Stonebraker, P. M. Aoki, W. Litwin, A. Pfeffer, A. Sah et al., Mariposa: a wide-area distributed database system, The VLDB Journal The International Journal on Very Large Data Bases, vol.5, issue.1, pp.48-63, 1996.
DOI : 10.1007/s007780050015

R. Sudarsan and C. J. Ribbens, ReSHAPE: A Framework for Dynamic Resizing and Scheduling of Homogeneous Applications in a Parallel Environment, 2007 International Conference on Parallel Processing (ICPP 2007), pp.44-44, 2007.
DOI : 10.1109/ICPP.2007.73

I. E. Sutherland, A futures market in computer time, Communications of the ACM, vol.11, issue.6, 1968.
DOI : 10.1145/363347.363396

D. Thain, T. Tannenbaum, and M. Livny, Distributed computing in practice: the condor experience. Concurrency Practice and Experience, 2005.

S. S. Vadhiyar and J. J. Dongarra, A metascheduler for the Grid, Proceedings 11th IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing, pp.343-351, 2002.
DOI : 10.1109/HPDC.2002.1029934

G. Vallee, T. Naughton, C. Engelmann, H. Ong, and S. Scott, System-Level Virtualization for High Performance Computing, 16th Euromicro Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Network-Based Processing (PDP 2008), 2008.
DOI : 10.1109/PDP.2008.85

H. N. Van, F. Tran, and J. Menaud, Performance and Power Management for Cloud Infrastructures, 2010 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Cloud Computing, pp.329-336, 2010.
DOI : 10.1109/CLOUD.2010.25

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00481701

L. Van-doorn, Hardware virtualization trends, Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on Virtual execution environments, VEE '06, pp.45-45, 2006.
DOI : 10.1145/1134760.1134762

A. Velte and T. Velte, Microsoft virtualization with Hyper-V, 2009.

C. A. Waldspurger, T. Hogg, B. A. Huberman, J. O. Kephart, and W. S. Stornetta, Spawn: a distributed computational economy, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol.18, issue.2, pp.103-117, 1992.
DOI : 10.1109/32.121753

C. A. Waldspurger and W. E. , Lottery scheduling: Flexible proportional-share resource management, Proceedings of the 1st USENIX conference on Operating Systems Design and Implementation, page 1. USENIX Association, 1994.

W. E. Walsh, G. Tesauro, J. O. Kephart, and R. Das, Utility functions in autonomic systems, International Conference on Autonomic Computing, 2004. Proceedings., pp.70-77, 2004.
DOI : 10.1109/ICAC.2004.1301349

Z. Wang, Y. Chen, D. Gmach, S. Singhal, B. Watson et al., AppRAISE: application-level performance management in virtualized server environments, IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, vol.6, issue.4, pp.240-254, 2009.
DOI : 10.1109/TNSM.2009.04.090404

J. Wilkes, Utility functions, prices, and negotiation. Wiley Series on Parallel and Distributed Computing -Market Oriented Grid and Utility Computing, pp.67-88, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/9780470455432.ch4

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

R. Wolski, J. S. Plank, T. Bryan, and J. Brevik, G-commerce: market formulations controlling resource allocation on the computational grid, Proceedings 15th International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium. IPDPS 2001, p.8, 2001.
DOI : 10.1109/IPDPS.2001.924985

T. Wood, P. Shenoy, A. Venkataramani, and M. Yousif, Sandpiper: Black-box and gray-box resource management for virtual machines, Computer Networks, vol.53, issue.17, pp.532923-2938, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.comnet.2009.04.014

J. Xu, M. Zhao, J. Fortes, R. Carpenter, and M. Yousif, Autonomic resource management in virtualized data centers using fuzzy logic-based approaches, Cluster Computing, vol.8, issue.3, pp.213-227, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s10586-008-0060-0

C. S. Yeo and R. Buyya, A taxonomy of market-based resource management systems for utility-driven cluster computing. Software: Practice and Experience, pp.1381-1419, 2006.

C. S. Yeo, R. S. Buyya-]-c, S. Yeo, X. Venugopal, R. Chu et al., Pricing for utility-driven resource management and allocation in clusters Autonomic metered pricing for a utility computing service, International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications Future Generation Computer Systems, vol.21, issue.48, pp.405-418, 2007.

A. B. Yoo, M. A. Jette, and M. Grondona, SLURM: Simple Linux Utility for Resource Management, Job Scheduling Strategies for Parallel Processing, pp.44-60, 2003.
DOI : 10.1007/10968987_3

S. Zaman and D. Grosu, Combinatorial auction-based allocation of virtual machine instances in clouds, Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, 2012.

Y. Zhang, A. Bestavros, M. Guirguis, I. Matta, and R. West, Friendly virtual machines, Proceedings of the 1st ACM/USENIX international conference on Virtual execution environments , VEE '05, pp.2-12, 2005.
DOI : 10.1145/1064979.1064983

X. Zhu, D. Young, B. J. Watson, Z. Wang, J. Rolia et al., 1000 islands: an integrated approach to resource management for??virtualized data centers, Cluster Computing, vol.15, issue.5, pp.45-57, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s10586-008-0067-6