Étude épidémiologique de souches de Pseudomonas aeruginosa responsables d’infections et de leurs bactériophages pour une approche thérapeutique

Abstract : The use of viruses of bacteria commonly called bacteriophages could constitute an efficient complement to antibiotics. During my PhD, I have characterized phages infecting the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas. aeruginosa, responsible for lung infections in cystic fribrosis patients. Firstly, I investigated the efficiency of Pyophage (a cocktail of phages therapeutic Georgian) on clinical P. aeruginosa strains and recovered six lytic phages from four different genus. The Pyophage appears to be unactive on approximately 15% of clinical strains. Secondly, and using multi-phages resistant strains as enrichment bacteria, 32 phages were isolated from waste water of France and Côte d’Ivoire. All phages are tailed and distributed within ten different genus including six exclusively lytic. I identified bacterial strains which remain insensitive to all phages. I also demonstrated that the CRISPRs-cas system plays no role in the resistance of strains to lytic phages.
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Christiane You Essoh. Étude épidémiologique de souches de Pseudomonas aeruginosa responsables d’infections et de leurs bactériophages pour une approche thérapeutique. Sciences agricoles. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI; Université de Cocody (Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire), 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA112072⟩. ⟨tel-00962607⟩

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