Cultiver son jardin, s'inscrire dans la ville : Approche anthropologique des community gardens de New York City

Abstract : In the 1970s, while the City of New York was facing a serious social and economic crisis, some residents took it upon themselves to invest the urban fabric by turning vacant lots into collective gardens. The city government first encouraged such grassroot initiatives, since they compensated for the lack of open space as well as participated in the life of the neighbourhoods, but it tried to eliminate them in the 1990s, when the crisis started to ebb, making these gardens appear as unprofitable uses of expensive land. The gardeners managed, through the use of media and theatrical resistance, to protect many community gardens temporarily, but their fate is still in the balance today. By studying the history of these gardens as part of a political tradition of community action, and by analyzing four of them through ethnographic observations, it is possible to examine the movement at various levels of interaction ; this multi-scalar approach is indispensable because community gardens are very local initiatives but can only justify their long-term existence by establishing city-wide and larger networks. The issue today is to incorporate these community initiatives into city planning in the context of efforts towards urban sustainability, while protecting their diversity.
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Contributor : Sandrine Baudry <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 21, 2014 - 1:25:33 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 4, 2019 - 5:33:32 PM
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Sandrine Baudry. Cultiver son jardin, s'inscrire dans la ville : Approche anthropologique des community gardens de New York City. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00962486⟩

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