Analyse des dommages liés aux submersions marines et évaluation des coûts induits aux habitations à partir de données d'assurance : perspectives apportées par les tempêtes Johanna (2008) et Xynthia (2010)

Abstract : This PhD work aims at analysing damage and evaluating costs related to coastal flooding on residential buildings. The study is based on insurance data from two recent storm events, which caused coastal flooding in the Brittany and Atlantic regions in France: the storms Johanna (March 2008) and Xynthia (February 2010).At first, the analysis of insurance indemnities and loss adjustment data, in connection with hazard parameters, and exposed assets characteristics, allowed a better understanding of the different types of damage and costs observed. At the same time, hazard models were carried out at a regional level, in order to identify meteorological forcing indicators, and at a local level, in order to link damages to the associated physical flooding processes on the studied sites. The characterization of the asset's vulnerability and values (construction costs) was conducted using different parameters from national databases (INSEE and IGN) and field survey.In a second step, empirical cost-assessment models were built on the basis of the data analysed, using univariate (damage functions) and multivariate statistical approaches. This study is the first attempt in France to elaborate models for the prediction of damage costs linked to coastal flooding on housing. The contribution of insurance data to the implementation of such models is discussed, and recommendations and research perspectives are expressed, in order to make the models operational and to increase their capacity to predict future catastrophic events costs.
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Géographie. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2013. Français. <NNT : 2013BRES0044>


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Camille André. Analyse des dommages liés aux submersions marines et évaluation des coûts induits aux habitations à partir de données d'assurance : perspectives apportées par les tempêtes Johanna (2008) et Xynthia (2010). Géographie. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2013. Français. <NNT : 2013BRES0044>. <tel-00961315>

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