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Analyse multi-échelles des relations microstructure/propriétés mécaniques sous sollicitation monotone et cyclique des alliages de titane β-métastable

Abstract : The improvement of specific performances of metallic materials used for aerospaceapplications needs continuous researches and developments. Titanium alloys are materials ofchoice for aerospace companies thanks to their high mechanical properties and low density.Among them, the β-metastable alloys that retain up to 40% of β phase are more and moreintroduced in aircraft engines (Ti-17) and for structural parts (e.g. landing gears in Ti-5553and Ti-10-2-3).This work aims to analyse the mechanical behaviour and durability of these alloyssubmitted to monotonic or cyclic loadings. Mechanical tests have been developed on differentindustrial microstructures as on academic simplified ones produced by specific thermaltreatments. Deformation mechanisms (slip systems) and damage processes (cracks initiation)were identified and analyzed at different scales using microscopes (optical and SEM) andcrystallographic features were studied by EBSD. Specific in situ tests performed undermicroscopes (optical and SEM) and digital images correlation techniques at scales of interesthave permitted to identify and to quantify the key microstructural parameters and the kineticsof these processes. One major result concerns the influence of the anisotropy of mechanicalproperties associated to the β phase.
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Thimothée Duval. Analyse multi-échelles des relations microstructure/propriétés mécaniques sous sollicitation monotone et cyclique des alliages de titane β-métastable. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ESMA0033⟩. ⟨tel-00959280⟩

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