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Méthodes physiques d’extraction de micro-organismes à partir d’échantillons sanguins à l'aide de microsystèmes

Abstract : Extraction of pathogens from a biological sample is a key step for efficient diagnostic tests of infectious diseases. For bloodstream infections, current diagnostic methods are usually based on bacterial growth and take several days to provide valuable information. An accelerated result would have a high medical value to adjust therapeutic strategies. The aim of this study is to design a new approach for separation and concentration of microorganisms directly from a blood sample, to avoid time-consuming growth stages. We report a method based on two different microsystems connected in series: it combines modification of conductivity and osmolarity of the sample with generic capture of microorganisms by dielectrophoresis. First we explore the impact of conductivity and osmolarity on the dielectric properties of blood cells and microorganisms. Dilution and acoustic forces are both analyzed to transfer blood cells and microorganisms to the optimized buffer. Then we demonstrate the feasibility of achieving the dielectrophoretic separation of microorganisms from blood cells in a low conductivity and low osmolarity medium inside a fluidic device. The structure of the device is optimized with numerical simulations and experiments performed on blood samples and various microorganisms (E. coli, S. epidermidis and C. albicans).The generic capture of microorganisms is validated, and we achieved a separation of 97% efficiency with E. coli, with an optimal inlet velocity around 100-200 µm.s-1. Finally, we propose an improved microsystem to perform the sample preparation step on a larger volume (1-10mL) in a few hours, in order to fit the medical need.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00957785
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 11, 2014 - 10:01:10 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:53:59 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, June 11, 2014 - 11:01:38 AM

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Bisceglia2013.pdf
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  • HAL Id : tel-00957785, version 1

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Émilie Bisceglia. Méthodes physiques d’extraction de micro-organismes à partir d’échantillons sanguins à l'aide de microsystèmes. Autre [cond-mat.other]. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013DENS0042⟩. ⟨tel-00957785⟩

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