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Structures familiales, organisation des activités et développement en milieu rural malgache

Abstract : In Madagascar rural areas, the land is the main livelihood of farmers. The community and all family members’, men and women, are involved on farming. But in recent decades, arable plots on the Central Highlands, inherited from ancestors and shared for many generations become more and more cramped. The incomes are insufficient for family’s basic needs. Thus, facing the food insecurity threatens, the increases of need for money (education, health, etc.), the life and farm risks, households are forced to diversify their sources of income. To earn more, they sell their labor outside the family farm. Then, the economic organization style is modified and households must find new short and medium term strategies in their productive activities. This book analyzes the implementation of different strategies through household structures and networks of solidarity (intergenerational and community) in two rural towns in the Highlands. Research shows that current organization of activities ensures the continuity of the farm, the family survival and social cohesion.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00956805, version 1


Voahirana Tantely Andrianantoandro. Structures familiales, organisation des activités et développement en milieu rural malgache. Sociologie. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA05H014⟩. ⟨tel-00956805⟩



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