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La grande gare contemporaine et le labyrinthe du transport multimodal : vers une nouvelle approche de la lisibilité, l'exemple de la gare de la Part-Dieu à Lyon

Abstract : Since its appearance in the middle of the XIXe century, the railway station has continued to transform and become more complex. This long process drove to a spatial, temporal and functional "labyrinthification" of these big metropolitan facilities. This phenomenon poses a problem of legibility of the spaces and results notably in the complexity of the paths and disorientation of users. Since some years, these questions become major preoccupations for designers and managers, who are not always able to respond efficiently. Research proposes a theoretical and methodological approach around the concept of" wayfinding, to the questions of "legibility" and "accessibility" of the spaces in the big contemporary station. It seeks to identify the factors that influence the experiences of station passage and generate or accompany situations of disorientation and confusion, relying in particular on the analysis of subject's volunteer's verbal reports and filmed courses inside the station Part-Dieu in Lyon. The work has highlighted the complexity of factors to be taken into account in the analysis of the legibility of the space station and pedestrian paths: physical and sensitive characteristics of places, effectiveness of signage, individual characteristics, cognitive and perceptual skills, emotional profile, spatial abilities and personality. They allow us to imagine a new approach to the design of large of large contemporary stations.
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Abdelhakim Boumoud. La grande gare contemporaine et le labyrinthe du transport multimodal : vers une nouvelle approche de la lisibilité, l'exemple de la gare de la Part-Dieu à Lyon. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENH018⟩. ⟨tel-00956736⟩

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