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Theses

De nouvelles ruralités en Amérique centrale ? Dynamiques de mobilité, ressources et organisations familiales

Abstract : Within the reflection on the new ruralities, the central aim of this thesis is the understanding of the ongoing socio- productive transformations in the Central American countryside, especially in the contexts of regional and international mobility. It aims to identify the spatial, social and productive resources at stake as well as the settling down and scattering capacities that enable to articulate the links and the places as migration governs partially the household economy. This topic is discussed in three local environments - two Nicaraguan towns and one of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico-where the dynamics of temporary and circular mobility combine with longer and less reversible migration trajectories. The understanding of how families manage dispersion, production, transmission and interdependence between and among different generations is based on an analysis of the articulation of numerous trajectories and migration temporalities. Individuals thus, share a common rural area of origin under various modes of absence, presence and socio-economic participation locally or remotely. The thesis aims to understand the place occupied by the migration resource within a system of local resources which benefits unevenly the families in rural areas. This research points out the changing and malleable character of the family organization whose contours are especially challenged by migration, distance and separation between members; these contours adjust to, get undermined or reinforced and therefore come along with the mutations in Central American ruralities.
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Delphine Prunier. De nouvelles ruralités en Amérique centrale ? Dynamiques de mobilité, ressources et organisations familiales. Géographie. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-00952934⟩

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