Mesure des performances de reconstruction des électrons et recherche de Supersymétrie dans les canaux avec deux leptons de même charge dans les données du détecteur ATLAS

Abstract : The first three years of operation of the ATLAS experiment at LHC, with fruitful results, have opened the way to experimental physics at the TeV scale. The work realized in this context included some performance aspects (electron reconstruction) as well as analysis (search for new physics). The first part is devoted to in-situ measurements of electron reconstruction and identification efficiencies. The methodology employed to perform these measurements in data is presented in details, as well as the methods developped for estimating the residual background. The second part deals with a search for Supersymmetry in events with two leptons (electrons or muons) of identical charges, together with jets and in some cases missing transverse energy, based on the whole dataset colledcted by ATLAS in 2012 (namely 21 fb-1 at sqrt s= 8 TeV). These final states are particularly adapted to searches for gluinos or third generation squarks. The main aspects of the analysis are described, in particular the methods used to estimate the various backgrounds. The absence of excess in the signal regions with respect to the Standard Model predictions is interpreted in terms of limits on the masses of superpartners, in the frame of models with simplified mass spectra. Thus, in the studied decay modes, the existence of gluinos with masses below 1 TeV or sbottoms with masses below 500 GeV is excluded.
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Julien Maurer. Mesure des performances de reconstruction des électrons et recherche de Supersymétrie dans les canaux avec deux leptons de même charge dans les données du détecteur ATLAS. Physique des Hautes Energies - Expérience [hep-ex]. Aix-Marseille Université, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : CPPM-T-2013-02⟩. ⟨tel-00952904⟩

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