Hydrodynamique de micro-nageurs

Abstract : The suspensions of microscopic objects with the ability to propel themselves into the surrounding fluid are systems of growing interest in the scientific community. Due to their intrinsic out-of-equilibrium dynamics in the sense of statistical physics, they generate complex effects. Among the existing self-propelled micro-objects, green micro-algae are an important part of the biomass of Earth and they actively participate to the recycling of CO2 by their photosynthetic activity. Moreover they have remarkable potential for the production of bio-fuels, waste reprocessing, cosmetics and dietary supplements production. From an industrial point of view, understanding the dynamics of this type of swimming microorganism is of primary interest. This work presents the study of the dynamics of microalgae Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii. Using a system of particle tracking with optical imaging that we have developed, we analyze the mechanism of stroke used by the algae up to its implications in terms of collective effects on the dynamics of swimming in a semi-dilute suspension.
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Michaël Garcia. Hydrodynamique de micro-nageurs. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENY011⟩. ⟨tel-00952771⟩

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