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Couplage de systèmes magnétiques et mécaniques à échelle moléculaire

Abstract : In this manuscript, we will first present the ultimate molecular building block for spintronic devices, so called single-molecule magnets (Chapter 2). In particular we will focus on a TbPc2 complex and various approaches of probing its magnetization using carbon nanotube detectors and different coupling mechanisms (magnetic flux, electronic and mechanical coupling). With the aim of building a supramolecular torque magnetometer capable of probing the magnetic moment of a molecular magnet, we will describe in Chapter 3 a promising candidate, a carbon nanotube nanoelectromechanical system (NEMS). We will first describe the advantages of carbon based NEMS over classical Si based resonators. Subsequently we will present the state of art of carbon nanotube NEMS and focus in particular on two different nanomechanical motions, a transverse bending mode and a longitudinal stretching mode. In Chapter 4, we present the experimental implementation of a supramolecular torque magnetometer based on carbon nanotube NEMS and single molecule magnets. We first describe the ultraclean bottom-up fabrication process and the extensive characterisation steps of carbon nanotube NEMS at room and cryogenic temperatures. We will finally demonstrate a method of grafting a TbPc2 single molecules magnet on such a carbon nanotube NEMS, that conserves both the magnetic properties of the molecule and the mechanical properties of the resonator. In Chapter 5, we will then perform a systematic study of the transverse bending mode vibration in a carbon nanotube NEMS. We demonstrate for instance, that the dissipation of a carbon nanotube's bending mode vibration to single electron tunneling through the carbon nanotube NEMS-quantum dot critically depends on the dot's electronic environment, i.e. the capacitance, the tunnel coupling to the metal leads, the current and temperature. The findings suggest that one could achieve quality factors of 10^6 or higher by choosing appropriate gate dielectrics and/or by improving the tunnel coupling to the leads, which would notably increase the sensitivity of the carbon nanotube NEMS with respect to a magnetic torque generate by a rotating molecular magnet. In Chapter 6, we demonstrate the presence of a quantized longitudinal stretching mode vibration in a carbon nanotube NEMS functionnalized with TbPc2 single molecule quantum magnets. We will in particular demonstrate that the quantum mechanical nature of both systems, results in a strong coupling between the longitudinal stretching mode and the magnetization of an individual TbPc2 single molecule magnet grafted to the carbon nanotube's sidewall. The strong coupling in fact enables the detection of the nuclear spin states in the TbPc2 molecule. Finally, we present in the conclusion of this manuscript some future prospects for the detection and (coherent) manipulation of a single (nuclear) spin using a mechanical quantum system.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 3, 2013 - 2:57:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00950769, version 2

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Citation

Marc Ganzhorn. Couplage de systèmes magnétiques et mécaniques à échelle moléculaire. Physique [physics]. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENY004⟩. ⟨tel-00950769v2⟩

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