Auto-inflammation de mélanges pauvres assistée par plasma

Abstract : Emission standards tightening as well as economical needs urge to study newcombustion modes for engines. Low-temperature homogeneous charge auto-ignition offersgood prospects for NOx, soot, and CO2 emissions. However, its control remains sharp for it isextremely influenced by temperature and fuel chemistry. Assisting non-equilibrium plasmascould provide a solution. Experiments are RCM managed with lean isooctane/air mixtures andprototype Renault ignition devise. Combustion occurs in a two steps mode known as SICI:flame propagation compresses the remaining gas to auto-ignition. The experimental settemperature rise is computed in order to measure the SICI effect compared to pure autoignition.The plasma seems to act mainly through the energy dropped, albeit its effect quicklyreaches a maximum, no matter how early it starts. This asymptomatic high energy behaviorrelies on the streamers overheating, as underlined by the look-like SICI effect from a regulararc discharge. On the contrary, minimal required energy appears to be linked to the capabilityof generating a sustainable flame kernel, making it closer to a standard ignition issue in roughconditions. Flame propagation sets auto-ignition start, according to an astonishingly linearcharacteristic not even influenced by charge’s thermodynamic conditions. Cool flame is putforward through formaldehyde PLIF imaging. Prereaction seems to enhance front propagationspeed.
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Vivien Prevost. Auto-inflammation de mélanges pauvres assistée par plasma. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ESMA0024⟩. ⟨tel-00949925⟩

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