La Force obligatoire du contrat de société : contribution à l'étude des relations entre droit des contrats et droit des sociétes

Abstract : For more than a century, rumors have been widespread throughout the legal academic world that companies are departing from established contractual sphere bringing about a split between Contract Law and Company Law. Even authorities who remain not convinced by such an assumption believe that companies have been cloistered into a singular contractual category, the so-called ‘organization-contracts' whose scheme funnel the range of contractual possibilities into an utterly specific result. One of the main reasons of the calling into question of companies regime lies in the adoption of the concept of ‘majority rule', which is regarded as inconsistent with the ‘voluntarist' conception of established contractual obligatory forces at work.Thorough studies of company contractual obligatory force however reveal that companies suffer an excessive marginalization within the historic regime. Distinctive features in place do not prevent companies from implementing obligatory force principles: companies continue to be subject to the contractual ‘inviolability' principle whereas breaches of contractual ‘norms' are settled by effective sanctions (for example, forced execution or resolutions).Furthermore, analysis reveals that several denounced specificities which are intrinsically part of the character of companies (for example ‘length', common interest and social interest), are in fact also encountered at various extents within other contracts. Therefore, a new perception of contracts, inspired by companies, drives to a less rigorous apprehension both of obligatory forces, including corollaries such as contractual ‘immutability' and ‘irrevocability'. Thus, the combination of Contract Law and of Company Law must contribute to establishing renewed obligatory forces more appropriate to contractual realities.
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Bee Receveur. La Force obligatoire du contrat de société : contribution à l'étude des relations entre droit des contrats et droit des sociétes. Droit. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013CERG0650⟩. ⟨tel-00949391⟩



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