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Préparation de nanoparticules d'argent stabilisées par du dextran ou des amphiphiles oligosaccharidiques pour des applications en catalyse et biocapteurs

Abstract : The main goal of this work is the preparation, characterization and catalytic and lectins detection studies of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) having sugar-based compounds as stabilizers. To achieve this goal two strategies were used, one using the polysaccharide dextran as stabilizer and other using amphiphile compounds based on oligosaccharides (maltose, lactose, maltoheptaose and xyloglucan). In both strategies the optimization of AgNPs preparation was realized using a multivariate analysis based in informations collected from the surface Plasmon resonance band (SPR) of AgNPs. All stable AgNPs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) techniques. The catalytic activities of AgNPs were determined over the p-nitrophenol (Nip) reduction reaction by NaBH4, as reducing agent, in water or water-ethanol mixtures. Two different types of amphiphiles were synthesized, one with an alkyne group in the junction of a sugar block with a hydrophobic block and the other type with a carboxylic acid group in the end of hydrophobic part. The amphiphiles were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR and mass spectrometry. The Nip reduction reaction with NaBH4 showed the best catalytic activity with AgNPs-dextran and Ag-Mal7NAcC12 nanoparticles with the rate constant normalized to the surface area of the NPs per unit volume of 1.41 and 1.11 s-1 m-2 L, respectively. These values are among the highest ones found in literature. The solvent effect in this reaction was evaluated by mixtures of water and ethanol. Applying a pseudo-monomolecular surface reaction as an experimental artifice, the obtained kinetic data were treated according to the Langmuir model, which combined with water/ethanol surface tension observations revealed that addition of ethanol inhibit the reaction, most probably by competing with BH4- ions for the nanoparticles surface, with the formation of a solvent monolayer. Finally, three different systems (Ag-Mal7NAcC12, Ag-XGONAcC12 and Ag-LacNAcC12) were tested as sensor for lectin detection and Ag-Mal7NAcC12 nanoparticles showed specific interaction with the Concanavalin A.
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Renato Eising. Préparation de nanoparticules d'argent stabilisées par du dextran ou des amphiphiles oligosaccharidiques pour des applications en catalyse et biocapteurs. Sciences agricoles. Université de Grenoble; UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL SANTA CATARINA UFSC, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENV006⟩. ⟨tel-00949189⟩

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