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Etude de l'influence de la convection naturelle et forcée sur le processus de la solidification : cas d'un alliage métallique binaire.

Abstract : This work is situated in the context of control of the solidification of metallic alloys structure under the effect of natural and forced convection to enhance control of solidification microstructures term through effective electromagnetic stirring to have a homogenizing the liquid which may subsequently improve the final microstructure of the alloy. The possibility considered in this work is to achieve this stirring without contacting the liquid solution (alloy in fusion) and pollution by other elements using a patch by the Lorentz force. The purpose of the thesis consists both a theoretical and experimental study based on an experimental setup particularly documented and instrumented developed / EPM SIMAP laboratory in Grenoble, named AFRODITE. The experimental device used to provide quantitative and qualitative data on the process of solidification of metallic alloys. These data are necessary for the contribution to studies on the solidification of metallic alloys and enrich the data base developed numerical models to predict defects related to solidification. The alloy selected from our work is tin-lead, for its low melting temperature. The proposed experiments are designed to study the effect of two types of dynamic configuration on the solidification of Sn-Pb alloy: the thermosolutal convection with the variation of two essential parameters (cooling rate and the difference in experimental temperature) and forced convection by the use of several modes of electromagnetic stirring. This study is particularly interested in the characterization of macrostructures and defects related to macrosegregation. The originality of this study is to measure in situ instantaneous temperatures. This allowed us to assess the evolution of the heat transfer due to natural / forced convection and their influence on the process of solidification in different aspects. The post-mortem analysis of the metal alloy provides the solidification structure and distribution of segregation at different scales (mesoscopic and macroscopic).
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Lakhdar Hachani. Etude de l'influence de la convection naturelle et forcée sur le processus de la solidification : cas d'un alliage métallique binaire.. Autre. Université de Grenoble; 352 Université Hadj Lakhdar de Batna, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENI067⟩. ⟨tel-00949060⟩

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