Caractérisation expérimentale et modélisation thermo-mécanique de l’accommodation cyclique du polyéthylène.

Abstract : Fatigue design approaches based on fatigue life criteria require as an input mechanical parameters (stress orstrain components or equivalent measurements, energetic terms) usually calculated over the first cycle, assumingthat the material behaves elastically or exhibits highly localized plasticity processes. In viscous materials likepolymers, such approaches raise the question of the stabilization of the cycle over which the mechanical parametersshould be computed. The challenge is not only to predict the ratcheting strain but also the stabilized loop itself andthe relevant energetic contributions, within a formalism as simple as possible to be used for structure simulations.In this study conducted in polyethylene, a special interest is paid on the viscoelastic contribution, expected tohighly contribute in the low stress range of high-cycle fatigue. A challenge is to accurately capture two time scales,i.e. the long term scale of strain ratcheting and the short term scale of the cycle itself.In the first part, cyclic accommodation is experimentally investigated over the first thousand cycles of forcecontrolledtests at room temperature. Viscoelasticity tackles in a specific way the frequency and mean stresssensitivity which are both varied in the experiments. Viscoelasticity also questions the volume / deviator partition:tension and shear tests are compared to highlight this point.After establishing from recovery tests that viscoelasticity mainly contributes to the ratcheting strain in bothexperiments series, a small-strain non-linear viscoelastic model is proposed in the framework of Thermodynamicsof Irreversible Processes. The aim is to capture the ratcheting strain evolution and recovery kinetics, as well as thestabilized loop area and dynamic modulus. The mean strain kinetics and non-recoverable term appearunderestimated, due to the fact that inelastic strain parts are not taken into account in the model. On the other hand,the loop area and rigidity are reasonably predicted.Volume / deviatoric contributions are on two counts an open issue, because of their different contribution tothermoelastic coupling. Thermo-mechanical coupling is examined in the last part of the presentation, by couplingthe above described model to temperature and analyzing the resulting heat sources evolution.
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Song Thanh Thao Nguyen. Caractérisation expérimentale et modélisation thermo-mécanique de l’accommodation cyclique du polyéthylène.. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ESMA0023⟩. ⟨tel-00946058⟩

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