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Développement de nouvelles hétérostructures HEMTs à base de nitrure de gallium pour des applications de puissance en gamme d'ondes millimétriques

Abstract : Nitride based materials are present in everyday life for optoelectronic applications (light emitting diodes, lasers). GaN remarkable properties (like large energy band gap, high breakdown electric field, high polarization field, high electronic saturation velocity…) make it a promising candidate for low frequency power electronic applications, but also for high frequency like microwaves range for example. The aim of this work is to increase the transistors working frequency by keeping a high power. To do this, high electron mobility transistor heterostructures are developed, and cap and barrier thicknesses have to be reduced, although it is detrimental for a high power. A first study deals with the influence of cap and barrier thicknesses as well as the type of barrier (AlGaN, AlN and InAlN), in order to isolate heterostructures offering the best compromise in terms of power and frequency. Moreover, the means implemented to increase the working frequency lead to electron channel confinement degradation. In order limit this effect, a back-barrier is added underneath the channel. It will be the subject of the second study. Finally, a transistor surface passivation study will be led. The combination of those three parts will allow identifying the optimum structure to deliver the highest power at high frequency (here at 40 GHz).
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Stéphanie Rennesson. Développement de nouvelles hétérostructures HEMTs à base de nitrure de gallium pour des applications de puissance en gamme d'ondes millimétriques. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013NICE4106⟩. ⟨tel-00943619v2⟩

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