Caractérisation expérimentale et numérique de la dégradation des réservoirs hyperbares en composite bobiné soumis à des chocs

Abstract : This study aims to develop knowledge about the behavior of a wound composite high-pressurehydrogen tank subjected to impact in service, that is to say, to study the damage generated and their evolutionand their consequences in service. At first, a micrographic study of reservoirs impacted at energy levelscharacteristic of common in-service shocks is performed to observe damage induced configurations.Thereafter, various impact techniques are compared to select the one able to reproduce this representativedamage on specimens cut from wound composite cylinders. These samples are tested under monotonictension to quantify the reduction of the mechanical properties induced by damage. Then, a model for theevolution of impact damage is developed. In order to maintain the operational nature of the approach, it isbuilt from simple tools to capture the effect of matrix cracking, fiber breakage and delamination. To describethe collapse of the structure, a "progressive failure analysis" is used. Once validated on specimens, the modelis applied to the behavior of wound composite tanks to estimate damage tolerance and predict the burstpressure decrease caused by shocks.
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Thanh Tung Pham. Caractérisation expérimentale et numérique de la dégradation des réservoirs hyperbares en composite bobiné soumis à des chocs. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ESMA0021⟩. ⟨tel-00941534⟩

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