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Modélisation en vue de l'intégration d'un système audio de micro puissance comprenant un haut-parleur MEMS et son amplificateur

Abstract : This thesis proposes the optimization of the whole sound reproduction chain in an embedded system. The first research axis is introduces the general concepts concerning audio systems necessary for the good understanding of the context of research. The principle of conversion of the entire chain is presented to understand the stages that make up a sound system. A state of the art presents various loudspeakers and the associated electronics most commonly used in embedded systems. The second research axis proposes a global approach: electric modeling of loudspeaker (taking into account an optimum number of parameters) that allows electronics engineer a better understanding of the nonlinear phenomena that degrade mostly audio quality in loudspeakers. It results in a sustainable model which evaluates the intrinsic non-linearity in loudspeakers and to know its cause. The simulation results show that the total harmonic distortion intrinsic to the loudspeaker is higher than that the distortion generated by an amplifier. The third research axis highlights the impact of the control of the transducer. The aim is to find out if there is a difference, in terms of audio quality, between the feedback control by voltage or current, for an electrodynamic micro-speaker. For this type of transducer and at this level of modeling, voltage control is equivalent to directly control the current of the micro-speaker. However, an alternative solution (not further degrading the signal audio quality) could be to control directly the micro-speaker by a current. The fourth research axis proposes to adapt the audio amplifiers specification to the performance of the micro-speakers. A comprehensive study of an energy point of view shows that a key factor for improving the energy efficiency of the audio amplifier is the minimization of the static power consumption and the maximization of the performance at nominal power. For other specifications, the global approach is based on the study of the impact of the specification of an amplifier on the sound pressure level. This has allowed, for example to reduce the stress in output noise voltage by a ratio of 300 %. The last research axis focuses on a new type of transducer: a micro-speaker in MEMS technology. Electroacoustic characterization shows the improvement: in terms of audio quality (less than 0.016 % total harmonic distortion) and the useful frequency range from 200 Hz to 20 kHz, the whole for an average sound level of 80 dB (10 cm). The combination of all the efforts presents a real technological leap. Finally, the overall process of optimization of the electrical part has been applied to the performance of MEMS in this last section, which has resulted, for example, in a reduction in the noise constraint of 500 %.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00940463, version 1

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Eric Sturtzer. Modélisation en vue de l'intégration d'un système audio de micro puissance comprenant un haut-parleur MEMS et son amplificateur. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAL0025⟩. ⟨tel-00940463⟩

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